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Printed and Flexible Electronics in the news
PARC turns 40: mice, money, and the new interwebs
A place whose time has come. Again
20 September 2010 | The Register
by Gavin Clarke
"Spend enough time talking to anybody involved with PARC's present or past and at some point, they'll tell you the same thing: contrary to popular thinking, the 'ideation' phase of development is 'easy.' That takes just 20 per cent of your time. Developing that idea into a successful or desirable technology or business is the sweaty part."
Printed Electronics Flexing their Muscles
20 July 2010 | Market Watch
by Lauren Rudser
"Circuits printed on flexible materials are the technology of the future, according to developers and innovators at Semicon West in San Francisco." PARC's Ana Claudia Arias describes a flexible tape that could enable different functionalities by changing sensors; for example, non-invasive medical applications for monitoring a patient's health or applying it to a box for monitoring its shipment.
Tiny Springs Could Reduce Microchip Waste
A new manufacturing approach could end the junking of several chips when one fails.
13 July 2010 | Technology Review
by Tom Simonite
"For now, the collaborators are developing their springy approach for the high-performance processors used in supercomputers or high-end servers. These chips are combined in closely packed groups known as multichip modules. Such modules need the processors to be packed closely together in order to speed the transfer of signals between them...They showed that their approach works on a test chip from Oracle that simulates the electrical and thermal behavior of a high-end processor."
Creative Young Engineers Selected to Participate in NAE's 2010 U.S. Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
25 June 2010 | The National Academies
by Janet Hunziker
PARC scientist Ana Arias is one of eighty-six of the nation's "brightest young engineers" chosen to participate in this year's National Academy of Engineering's (NAE) 16th annual U.S. frontiers of Engineering Symposium being held September 23-25 in Armonk, New York.
Internationally recognized for her expertise in polymer-based electronics and flexible electronics (including organic light emitting diodes, photovoltaics, and thin-film transistors), Arias manages PARC’s printed electronic devices team. The team specializes in using inkjet printing techniques to fabricate organic, active matrix display backplanes for paper-like displays and most recently for flexible sensors.
PARC helps drive innovation in PE
8 April 2010 | Printed Electronics Now
by David Savastano
"Today, PARC is an independent for-profit entity, having been spun out by Xerox in 2002. With its background in printing, graphics, and foundational innovation, PARC has turned its expertise to the areas of printed and flexible electronics with key successes. The company developed printed thin-film transistors utilizing amorphous silicon (a-Si) on flexible substrates as early as 1983, and in 2003, created some of the first plastic semiconductors. Today, sensors and displays are among the key areas of focus for PARC. "
What printed-electronics leaders are working on now
3 December 2009 | Converting Magazine Blog
by Mark Spaulding
PARC, a recent spin-off of Xerox, is working with DARPA (the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) on some pretty cool items. One is a sensor tape that measures a soldier’s accumulated exposure to the dangerous sound levels of explosions...Knights also described an X-ray detector that acts like a “reverse LCD” to help detect IEDs (improvised explosive devices). The sheet of plastic with printed electronics on it integrates imaging processing with other applications to make a useful product to protect our men and women in uniform.
Printed electronics needs new design rules
18 November 2009 | Printed Electronics World
by Dr. Peter Harrop
"The irony of the integrated circuit - the silicon chip - is that it integrates so little... Printed electronics is very different. It can integrate all these things. For example, PARC and Soligie in the USA are printing components on top of each other. They connect but they can also interact - beneficially or problematically. The interaction of printed components and the use of new components that can only be made as thin films means that this new technology needs completely new design rules. This need is underpinned by the fact that the elements of the new electronics have new limitations, not just new capabilities."
Stanford-led research helps overcome barrier for organic electronics
Electronic devices can't work well unless all of the transistors, or switches, within them allow electrical current to flow easily when they are turned on. A team of engineers has determined why some transistors made of organic crystals don't perform well
10 November 2009 | Stanford Report
by David Orenstein
"The research, which could help engineers design better digital displays and other devices, was published online Nov. 8 in the journal Nature Materials. ...the researchers employed information from extensive theoretical calculations, made by co-author John E. Northrup at PARC..."
AIP awards Industrial Physics Prize to inventor of digital x-ray detector
Robert Street of PARC recognized for key medical imaging technology
30 October 2009 | American Institute of Physics
"The American Institute of Physics (AIP) is awarding the 2010 Prize for Industrial Applications of Physics next month to Robert Street of PARC. Street's pioneering work at PARC in the early 1990s led to the development of flat-panel digital X-ray detectors, a commercially available technology that has replaced traditional film X-ray machines for many medical applications. His current research explores finding novel low-cost and large-area electronics for applications ranging from new flat panel displays to radiation sensors. Projects he has been involved with in recent years include ink-jet printing of organic electronic devices, constructing flexible electronic displays, developing technology for truck-size scanners for homeland security, and researching new solar cell structures."
FlexTech Alliance Opens Registration and Announces Keynote for 2010 Flexible Electronics & Displays Conference
12 October 2009 | FlexTech News
"Kicking off the three-day Business and Technical Conference will be a keynote address by Mark Bernstein, President and Center Director for PARC. Bernstein will share his thoughts and observations on flexible electronics as a strategic technology and how it fits into PARC's research relationships with its industry partners."
PARC: Flexible Electronics
30 June 2009 | Boing Boing
by Lisa Katayama
By building circuits and electrical connections into bendable plastics, glass, and metal foil substrates, they're paving the way for new technologies like flexible flat-panel displays, medical image sensors, and electronic paper. Because flexible electronics are super lightweight, rugged, and can be rolled or folded into smaller pieces, they are expected to take mobility and portability to new levels.
Why E-Books Are Stuck in a Black-and-White World
9 June 2009 | Wired
by Priya Ganapati
"The hitch is that color e-ink technologies aren't anywhere near ready for prime time. 'People don't like color screens that are dark,' says Raj Apte, manager of prototype devices and circuits for PARC, 'and so far, the displays for e-readers we have seen lack the brightness that makes color screens attractive.'"
Applications: Blast Strips Record Explosion Exposure
1 January 2009 | Photonics Spectra
by Amanda D. Francoeur
"The wound most characteristic of soldiers...is traumatic brain injury... PARC, a Xerox company, under the DARPA Sensor Tape Program, has devised a way to record the number and intensity of explosions that soldiers experience by applying a blast dosimeter to their helmets."
The Paper Chasers
Isn't it ironic: Xerox is hoping it can profit by teaching companies how to reduce their printing.
21 November 2008 | Newsweek
by Daniel Lyons
"PARC scientists have discovered something surprising: their expertise in printing transfers surprisingly well to technologies like solar panels. PARC's expertise in particle manipulation, developed while researching toners, has led to a water-filtration system that uses much less energy than conventional methods; it could find use in municipal water-treatment plants and desalinization plants."
The Future of...Paper
1 November 2008 | ZDNet [video]
by Sumi Das
"It's a possible fix for the reams and reams of paper that are printed, used briefly, and then tossed everyday. ZDNet correspondent Sumi Das takes us inside PARC where scientists are developing a way to print an image that disappears, allowing the paper to be used dozens of times."
A Helmet Patch to Measure Blasts
Researchers are developing a cheap, lightweight plastic strip that can be worn on a soldier's helmet to help diagnose brain injury.
14 October 2008 | Technology Review
by Brittany Sauser
"..the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) has awarded a $5 million, three-year contract to PARC to develop a strip of plastic that can be 'taped' onto a soldier's helmet to measure his or her exposure to explosions. The tape, which will cost less than a dollar per strip, is a flexible plastic substrate that will contain printed electronics, analog memory, and sensors."
PARC, Still Making a Difference
23 September 2008 | Conde Nast Portfolio
by Kevin Maney
"...Microsoft bought a search technology company called Powerset for an alleged $100 million. Powerset was built on technology licensed from PARC. [PARC] has also won some attention in the past week for unveiling a way to print documents so the ink disappears in a day, allowing the paper to be reused."
The future of e-paper: The Kindle is only the beginning
Thin, flexible, low-power digital paper is just around the corner. Will your next book or newspaper be 'e'?
6 June 2008 | ComputerWorld
by David DeJean
"The first successful demonstration of e-paper technology was made by Nick Sheridon at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in the 1970s. His technology, called Gyricon, used tiny rotating spheres of electrically charged plastic, black on one side, white on the other, suspended in bubbles of oil between transparent electrodes."
Brain Blasts Mapped with Stick-on Sensors
4 June 2008 | Wired.com
by Noah Shachtman
"DARPA has just handed PARC, a...contract to put together prototype spools of the sensor tape. PARC says its expertise in 'jet-printing' and 'polymer devices and circuits' ought to help out with the manufacture and design. The tape will include 'multiple sensors to collect and record data associated with blasts, including shock waves, acceleration, acoustic levels, and light intensities.'"
Reincarnation for Paper, Without Recycling
2 May 2008 | Greentech Media
by Jennifer Kho
"After about two years of development, Xerox scientists have come up with a photosensitive paper and a 'printer' that uses a blue UV light-emitting diode instead of ink or toner to make its marks. Eric Shrader, area manager of PARC's hardware systems laboratory said 'While businesses have been talking about the paperless office for 30 years, paper usage actually keeps increasing.'"
Xerox Shows Off Future Tech And Tries To Better Define Itself
Despite failed attempts to cash in, the company and its PARC subsidiary have several pillars of growth in mind to compete with Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and Salesforce.com.
1 May 2008 | InformationWeek
by Thomas Claburn
"...partnerships serve to underscore that PARC is an independent organization, one that is helping organizations other than Xerox innovate. That has some tangential value to Xerox, as PARC's owner: Good publicity may rub off. But PARC isn't just serving Xerox by inventing technologies for outside organizations. It's also investing technologies that could drive revenue at Xerox."
Getting innovation out of the lab at Xerox
30 April 2008 | FORTUNE Big Tech
by Jon Fortt
PARC's "...normally secretive Silicon Valley researchers and their colleagues from around the world held an open house this week to show off surprising projects they're developing. Among them: A blood scanner that uses a twist on laser printing technology to spot rogue cells, a type of paper that can be erased by ultraviolet light and reused, and... "
New way to save energy: Disappearing ink
30 April 2008 | CNET News.com
by Michael Kanellos
"PARC and parent company Xerox are experimenting with a type of paper and a complementary printer that would produce documents that fade away after 16 to 24 hours. Users don't have to wait for the paper to fade either. By running it through the special printer made for this paper, the printer will erase the old image before putting the new one on."
Xerox Showcases Erasable Paper, Smart Documents
29 April 2008 | PC World
by Agam Shah
"Xerox's research arm Monday showcased its latest innovations, including erasable paper and tools that make documents 'smart' by adding a deeper meaning to words and images. ...The laboratory, with other Xerox research facilities, is now trying to help its parent company and other start-ups by focusing on printing and other innovations to access, use and secure electronic documents."
PARC shows off research projects beyond its Xerox work
29 April 2008 | VentureBeat
by Dean Takahashi
"Mark Bernstein, head of PARC, says the R&D center...is determined to commercialize its inventions through its business groups and leverage its 165 researchers. Xerox spun out PARC in 2002....[and] funds only about 50 percent of the work. The rest is financed through licenses to other corporations, research partnerships with big companies, and government grants."
A Peek Inside PARC
Silicon Valley's fabled invention machine shows its latest tech
29 April 2008 | Popular Science
by Sean Captain
"If technology were a religion, the...Palo Alto Research Center would be one of the holiest shrines on any pilgrimage. So much of our modern computer world was invented at this freewheeling innovation lab... PARC today is a more-focused operation that has to turn quick profits... But it's still a well-staffed corporate research lab..."
Inside Innovation at...PARC
29 April 2008 | O'Reilly Radar
by Ben Lorica
"While other research labs use a large auditorium and parade different researchers in, I thought the smaller, science fair format made for better interactions between the visitors and the researchers. We saw early prototypes created by the researchers themselves, so the user interfaces were far from polished. Here are some of the highlights..."
...PARC Opens Its Doors
29 April 2008 | PC Magazine
by Marty Orgel
"...PARC allowed reporters a rare look at new technology it is developing...including a copy machine paper that..does not use any ink or toner to put words onto the paper, ...a new way to capture and use solar energy and a laser-based medical scanner to detect rare or potentially damaging cells in human blood instead of using invasive and potentially dangerous biopsies."
Do We Need Reusable Paper?
Xerox's famed Palo Alto Research Center previewed a printing technology that lets a printed page be reused.
28 April 2008 | InternetNews.com
by Andy Patrizio
"How many times have you printed out a document on a sheet of paper, used it once, and tossed it out? According to PARC, 44.5 percent of the time that's exactly the fate of a printed page. That's a waste of more than just the paper, but the power used to create it..."
Xerox: More than just a paper company
28 April 2008 | abc7news.com
by Tomas Roman
"Scientists at the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) are showing off some diverse innovations. 'We are looking at how is it that we can have an impact on things that really matter to people,' says PARC President Mark Bernstein. "
Universal Display Corporation Delivers Flexible OLED Prototype with Novel Capabilities to U.S. Army
Flexible phosphorescent OLED display prototype demonstrates visible-light emission for daytime use and infrared-emission for nighttime viewing.
23 April 2008 | Universal Display Corporation
...this 100 dpi prototype was built on flexible metal foil using low-temperature, poly-silicon backplane technology from PARC...
Printed documents may self-erase in future
'Erasable paper' can be reused, reduces waste
1 January 2008 | Palo Alto Online
by Joyce Tang
"Printed matter is literally disappearing at Palo Alto Research Center, Inc. (PARC). In partnership with Xerox Research Centre of Canada since early 2004, PARC scientists have been developing 'erasable paper,' temporary documents that self-erase within a matter of hours."
Laptops of the Future Promise Sleek Designs, Smarter Storage
19 November 2007 | CIO
by John Edwards
"..notebooks face an obesity crisis. Compared to conventional LCDs, organic displays are thinner, brighter and less power hungry...[and] provide significantly better outdoor viewing. Flexible organic displays are also more or less unbreakable, says Robert Street, a senior research fellow at the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). 'That would be a huge benefit in notebooks, especially in ruggedized models.'"
PARC opens incubator, may change plodding reputation?
21 September 2007 | VentureBeat
by Chris Morrison
"...Over the decades, PARC has incubated about a dozen companies. A new program called Startup@PARC, however, could incubate the same number of companies in just a year or two. PARC will work work with several companies at once, and has issued a formal application process here to kick it off..."
Manufacturing progress key to flexible electronics' success
1 May 2007 | Small Times
by Tom Cheyney
"Surface roughness is still an issue with flex and is not good enough for making transistors,' explains Bob Street, senior research fellow at Palo Alto Research Center. ...Pointing out the susceptibility of flexible substrates to scratching, Street says the plastics people 'need to learn how to improve quality.'"
Xerox's Erasable Paper Project
17 January 2007 | Black and White
by John Eastman
Xerox Corporation's erasable paper is a "collaborative effort with Palo Alto Research Center, PARC and the Xerox Research Centre in Canada. [PARC] began to look at work-studies of how people use their documents in the office and that was where we really began to realize that actually people don't keep what they print for very long."
"The fabrication of the poly-Si TFT arrays at PARC builds on their long experience in developing novel TFT backplane technology for displays and image sensors, based on amorphous silicon, poly-silicon and polymer semiconductors. The PARC poly-Si technology has recently been demonstrated in image sensor arrays containing pixel amplifiers and shift registers."