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The Next Internet? Inside PARC’s Vision of Content Centric Networking
7 August 2012 | Xconomy San Francisco
by Wade Roush
"In fact, he thinks the Internet has outgrown its original underpinnings as a network built on physical addresses, and that it’s time to put aside TCP/IP and start over with a completely novel approach to naming, storing, and moving data. Jacobson’s alternative is called Content Centric Networking, or CCN, and it’s grown into the single biggest internal project at PARC…
...And that might undermine many current business models in the software and digital content industries—while at the same time creating new ones. In other words, it’s just the kind of revolutionary idea that has remade Silicon Valley at least four times since the 1960s. And this time, PARC doesn’t want to miss out on the rewards."
Healthcare's Often Missing Element - The Human Element
2 August 2012 | Forbes
by Dan Munro
"In an effort to help providers to maximize the value of an EHR, Xerox turned to researchers at the venerable PARC (a company that Xerox spun-off about 10 years ago) as a way to explore the landscape of innovation around EHRs...
These large scale connections (Xerox, ACS, Allscripts) combined with the innovation engines of companies like PARC and The Breakaway Group represent an exciting development. It’s where innovation – including the human element – meets scale – in healthcare. PARC’s influence is still relatively early – and most clearly represents the opportunity around that human element. [PARC CEO] Steve Hoover summarized it best..."
ARPA-E awards $43M to 19 energy storage projects to advance electric vehicle and grid technologies
2 August 2012 | Green Car Congress
"The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) has selected 19 new projects to receive a total of $43 million to develop breakthrough energy storage technologies and support promising small businesses...
Unlike other Department of Energy efforts to push the frontiers of battery chemistry, AMPED is focused on maximizing the potential of existing battery chemistries. These innovations are intended to help reduce costs and improve the performance of next generation storage technologies, which could be applied in both plug-in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles."
$43 Million for Transformational Storage Projects to Advance Electric Vehicle and Grid Technologies
2 August 2012 | announcement
"The Department of Energy today announced that 19 transformative new projects will receive a total of $43 million in funding from the Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) to leverage the nation’s brightest scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs to develop breakthrough energy storage technologies and support promising small businesses..." [download full list]
Advanced Management And Protection Of Energy-Storage Devices (AMPED)
- Lead organization: PARC
- Description: Smart Embedded Network of Sensors with Optical Readout (SENSOR). Palo Alto Research Center will develop new fiber optic sensors that are inserted into battery packs to monitor and measure batteries during charge and discharge cycles. These compact fiber optical sensors will measure the battery’s health while in use to avoid degradation and failure.
- Funding: $4,018,960
The Lesson That Market Leaders Are Failing To Learn From PARC
Let’s celebrate what Xerox PARC did invent—and invest in more invention
1 August 2012 | Forbes
by Chunka Mui
"In other words, there are opportunities for ambitious invention in every technology-intensive industry. And, what industry is not technology-intensive?…
The real lesson to be drawn from Xerox PARC is that large corporations should aggressively pursue breakthrough invention—and work to improve their ability to take advantage of the fruits of those efforts."
...Simplifying The Patient Care Process By Improving Electronic Health Record (EHR) Technology.
31 July 2012 | The Street
"Americans routinely use electronic files to manage their finances, communicate with friends and family and even take college courses – but when it comes to medical records – only 26 percent want them digital. The findings come from the third annual Electronic Health Records (EHR) online survey of 2,147 U.S. adults, conducted for Xerox by Harris Interactive in May 2012...
To help caregivers do more with this patient information, Xerox is working with researchers at PARC to explore EHRs as a gateway to a variety of healthcare innovation possibilities. The resulting technology tools will simplify back-office and front-line processes, reduce errors, and free up caregivers to spend more time and attention on day-to-day patient care."
Only 26 Percent of Americans Want Electronic Medical Records...
When it comes to healthcare, are Americans resistant to change?
31 July 2012 | release
"'A big part of PARC’s healthcare work for Xerox is using ethnography and other social science methods to observe and analyze actual work practices – not just what people say they do,' said Steve Hoover, CEO, PARC, a Xerox company. 'If there’s one thing that this survey tells us, coupled with our own experiences, it’s that you should never develop or deploy technology outside of the human context.'"
...on Data Center Efficiency
30 July 2012 | Data Center Knowledge
by Colleen Miller
"Data Center Knowledge: What are things that can be done through virtualizing servers that can increase utilization and decrease cost?
Clemens Pfeiffer: The best and most efficient set-up is based on research and patents from PARC around shared reservation models and QoS (Quality of Service) levels of applications. Unlike static reservations, which do not respond to utilization and therefore are based on an allocation for peak demand, grouping critical and non-critical applications on the same cluster using a shared model will provide more flexibility and reliability by allowing critical applications to take over whatever they need from the cluster and non-critical applications to take the rest resulting in a much better consolidation than the typical 14:1 reduction."
3D manufacturing: Print me a phone
New techniques to embed electronics into products
28 July 2012 | The Economist
"Printing electronics is not new; screen printing, lithography, inkjet and other processes have long been used to manufacture circuit boards and components. But the technologies are improving rapidly and now allow electronics to be printed on a greater variety of surfaces. In the latest developments, electronics printing is being combined with 'additive manufacturing', which uses machines popularly known as 3D printers to build solid objects out of material, one layer at a time...
[PARC] is developing ways to use such inks. These can print circuits for various components, including flexible display screens, sensors and antennae for radio-frequency security tags. With the emergence of additive-manufacturing techniques, it starts to become possible to print such things directly onto the product itself, says Janos Veres, the manager of PARC’s printed-electronics team."
Who Created the Internet? Yes, And.
25 July 2012 | Forbes
by Dave Witzel and Jerry Michalski
"But there’s a more important issue missed in the partisan squabbling between 'business' and 'government.' The answer to Crovitz’s question isn’t 'either/or.' Instead, it is 'both/and.' Moreover, how the Internet was built can serve as a model we need to learn to replicate to address other large-scale social and infrastructure challenges."
No credit for Uncle Sam in creating Net? Vint Cerf disagrees
A legendary figure in the invention of the Internet weighs into a new debate about the U.S. government's role during that heady era.
25 July 2012 | CNET
by Charles Cooper
"The NSF got very involved…this led to the design and implementation and subsequent expansion of the NSFNET that became a major backbone for academic access to the Internet. NSF also sponsored more than a dozen intermediate level regional networks…
...Xerox [PARC] gets and deserves credit for great work: Ethernet…the laser printer…the Alto personal computer… and PARC Universal Packet (PUP)..."
...The Government Invented the Internet
Don't believe...that every tech innovation came from private enterprise.
24 July 2012 | Slate
by Farhad Manjoo
"...in tech, no one does anything on his own. Useful products are usually the result of years of research by smart people at various institutions: government labs, university labs, and corporate R&D campuses. The history of the Internet, like much of everything else that makes our world so magical, proves that in the tech industry, it takes a village."
...Didn’t Invent the Internet
23 July 2012 | Wired
by Robert McMillan
"So would the internet have been invented without the government? 'That’s a tough question,' [Taylor] says. 'Private industry does not like to start brand new directions in technology. Private industry is conservative by nature. So the ARPAnet probably could not have been built by private industry. It was deemed to be a crazy idea at the time.'"
Yes, Government Researchers Really Did Invent the Internet
23 July 2012 | Scientific American
by Michael Moyer
"In truth, no private company would have been capable of developing a project like the Internet, which required years of R&D efforts spread out over scores of far-flung agencies, and which began to take off only after decades of investment. Visionary infrastructure projects such as this are part of what has allowed our economy to grow so much in the past century."
So, who really did invent the Internet?
23 July 2012 | LA Times
by Michael Hiltzik
"But Crovitz confuses AN internet with THE Internet... As for Ethernet, which Bob Metcalfe and David Boggs invented at PARC...It was, and is, a protocol for interconnecting computers and linking them to outside networks--such as the Internet. And Metcalfe drew his inspiration for the technology from ALOHANet, an ARPA-funded project at the University of Hawaii.
So the bottom line is that the Internet as we know it was indeed born as a government project. In fact, without ARPA and Bob Taylor, it could not have come into existence. Private enterprise had no interest in something so visionary and complex, with questionable commercial opportunities."
Crovitz: Who Really Invented the Internet?
Contrary to legend, it wasn't the federal government, and the Internet had nothing to do with maintaining communications during a war.
22 July 2012 | Wall Street Journal
by Gordon Crovitz
"But full credit goes to the company where...worked after leaving ARPA: Xerox. It was at the Xerox PARC labs in Silicon Valley in the 1970s that the Ethernet was developed to link different computer networks. Researchers there also developed the first personal computer...and the graphical user interface that still drives computer usage today.
...It's important to understand the history of the Internet because it's too often wrongly cited to justify big government. It's also important to recognize that building great technology businesses requires both innovation and the skills to bring innovations to market."
UPDATE: Crovitz on "WeHelpedBuildThat.com"
Global Flexible Electronics Market to Reach US$25.9 Billion by 2018, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
19 July 2012 | Digital Journal
"Flexible electronics is an emerging field of science and manufacturing technology, which enables planting of electronic devices onto conformable plastic substrates. ...driven by the global demand for lighter and smaller electronic products that consume lesser power. Due to the fact that these devices are more shock resistant, cost-effectively manufactured, and can be flexed or bended, they have the capability of being integrated into portable devices, clothing, and packaging materials.
…Key players profiled in the report include, 3M Flexible Circuit Foundry, Applied Materials, Inc., Citala Ltd., Cambridge Display Technology Ltd., E Ink Holdings, Inc., Infinite Corridor Technology, Konarka Technologies, Inc., MC10, Inc., PARC, Versatilis, LLC, among others."
A smarter package? Bemis and Thinfilm to develop intelligent packaging platform
18 July 2012 | Plastics Today
by Heather Caliendo
"Plastics packaging powerhouse Bemis Company Inc. and Thinfilm Electronics have partnered to create a flexible sensing platform for the packaging market. This new category of packaging will collect and wirelessly communicate sensor information, for use by food, consumer product and healthcare companies.
...'Bemis has stated the Thinfilm technology could eventually be a component of every package they manufacture,' Sutija said. 'The majority of Bemis packages are used by the food industry, which means the Internet of Things, objects that talk to you, is soon part of your every day life.' The Bemis intelligent packaging platform is expected to be commercially available in 2014.
The first to commercialize printed rewritable memory, Thinfilm is creating printed system products that will include memory, sensing, display and wireless communication. Thinfilm is working together with PARC on developing a printed temperature sensor."
Cassidy: PARC still in the business of innovation 10 years after Xerox spinoff
12 July 2012 | San Jose Mercury News
by Mike Cassidy
"PARC, once known as Xerox PARC, was spun out as a subsidiary of Xerox in 2002. For the past decade it's been responsible for its own bottom line, and it's been expected to turn a profit. It was a change from the days that PARC served one master: Xerox. Now, Hoover says, less than half the lab's work is for Xerox; the rest involves projects for other companies and government agencies. …PARC's independence means that its 180 scientists and technologists can't simply come up with ideas that are world-shattering, mind-bending and brilliant. A good portion of them have to be things that PARC and companies working with PARC can sell -- and in the near-term. Profit vs. blue-sky research: It's one of the oldest balancing acts among the research lab crowd.
...All that said, Hoover is determined to make sure that PARC researchers keep reaching for the next big thing that nobody has thought of yet. Yes, the lab has identified core areas that guide its research, including health and wellness, big data, cleantech, printed electronics, networking and innovation services. But, Hoover says, as much as 25 percent of its research investments are spent on projects outside the core areas, allowing scientists to stumble onto unforeseen breakthroughs."
Thinfilm Pairs Up With Packaging Giant Bemis To Create Labels That Know Things
10 July 2012 | Forbes
by Connie Guglielmo
"Thinfilm Electronics moved a step closer to making the 'Internet of Things' a reality, announcing a deal with U.S. packaging giant Bemis Co. today to create a printed electronics system for consumer product, healthcare and food companies who want to tag, track and collect information wirelessly about the products they ship.
What does that mean exactly? Thinfilm has been working on low-cost sensor tags containing rewritable memory that can be placed on anything...and that can collect a bevy of information.
...Thinfilm, which paired up with Xerox’s PARC R&D spin off to help develop its printed electronics technology, has already been working on creating 'inexpensive, integrated time-temperature sensors for use in monitoring perishable goods and pharmaceuticals'. The deal with Bemis builds on that work to create a 'customizable sensor platform' that Bemis can adapt for its customers. Thinfilm and Bemis said they plan to make the Bemis Intelligent Packaging Platform available next year."
The Internet of things is coming to a grocery store near you
9 July 2012 | GigaOM
by Stacey Higginbotham
"Thin Film Electronics, a company that makes wafer-thin printed circuits that can be built into packaging materials, and Bemis, a manufacturer of both consumer products and wholesale packaging, have signed an agreement that will add circuits to your cereal box. Or maybe sensors to your salad bags. Or digital intelligence to disposable diapers.
The Oslo-based Thinfilm has been in business since the mid-90s. It has been manufacturing thin-film memory chips that provide about 20 bits of storage, which were used in toys and games. But it has been adding more memory and has a partnership with Xerox PARC that added transistors to its circuit, thereby giving its chips enough intelligence to track inventory or send environmental data from a sensor back to the network. ...the idea of smarter circuits that are still cheap enough to be used in packaging are integral to creating an internet of things."
PARC and Chongqing University
3 July 2012 | release
by Chongqing University
"Dr. Elrod was also invited to give a public lecture entitled PARC—Innovation, Past, Present and Future. Around 400 CQU students and teachers attended the lecture and asked various questions, ranging from the research PARC has been carryed out to how PARC has successfully conducted innovation management."
Nearpoints: ...Amazing Wireless Badge
An innovative (to say the least) new product from Motorola Solutions reminds me of why it’s a privilege to work in the wireless and mobile field. And, oh yeah, they’ll sell a zillion of these.
25 June 2012 | Network World
by Craig Mathias
"In many ways, the SB1 [smart badge] is the natural evolution of we used to call a Tab Computer perhaps 15 years ago. A number of these appeared in prototype form, from Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) and others, and one can argue that many of the concepts pioneered in these early small-screen information appliances have in fact appeared in handsets and related devices today - via, of course, the personal organizer/PDA era."
The future will be printed in 3-D
24 June 2012 | GigaOM
by Ryan Kim
It’s a future coming sooner than people think, said Peter Weijmarshausen, the CEO of 3-D printing start-up Shapeways. Fresh off $6.2 million in new funding for Shapeways, Weijmarshausen spoke with GigaOM about where 3-D printing is going, how it parallels the software industry and how far the technology can take us into the future.
…Another big challenge is that there’s still a limited number of materials… But he said more of these materials are becoming available. And researchers at PARC are working on printable electronics for things like RAM, sensors and transistors. That, he said, could lead to consumers creating their own phones or MP3 players housed in cases of their own design."
Old Oxford-style debate comes to Silicon Valley
16 June 2012 | Mercury News
by Mike Cassidy
"Let's face it: Silicon Valley is known for brilliant people who can be just a tad competitive. Which is one reason it makes so much sense to import from England one of the world's oldest and most prestigious debating societies and let some valley execs go after one another, verbally speaking. With the Oxford Union debates coming to Silicon Valley, think of it not just as a clash, but a clash of cultures.
...The first-ever Oxford debate in Silicon Valley, on Tuesday at Santa Clara University, is being hosted by the Churchill Club, which last year celebrated its 25th anniversary. ...'This House believes that the problems of tomorrow are too big for the entrepreneurs of today.' Talk about fighting words in the valley. This is a place where many assume we can solve any problem with enough of the right technology. ...the debate will include business leaders from PARC, Nanosolar, Marvell, Coulomb Technologies and Daemonic Labs."
The psychology of... Avatars
Digital versions of us are not only altering the way that we perceive ourselves, but how we go on to behave in the real world.
14 June 2012 | Edge
"'Studies have shown that, in general, people create slightly idealised avatars based on their actual selves,' says Nick Yee, a research scientist at PARC. He should know: Yee has spent the past ten years studying the effects of avatars on human behavior in settings such as Second Life and World Of Warcraft."
First Annual Great Silicon Valley Oxford Union Debate on the Motion, "This House Believes That the Problems of Tomorrow Are Too Big for the Entrepreneurs of Today"
Churchill Club Teams With Oxford University and Santa Clara University for Inaugural Event
13 June 2012 | release
by Churchill Club
"Churchill Club, Silicon Valley's premier business and technology forum, and Santa Clara University's Leavey School of Business and Center for Science, Technology and Society, will co-host the First Annual Great Silicon Valley Oxford Union Debate on Tuesday, June 19, 2012...Oxford University's Said Business School will co-present this unique evening of persuasion and humor about a big topic that matters to us all -- with strong opinions on both sides of the argument..."
Network Trailblazers: A Conversation with Van Jacobson
Computer scientist Van Jacobson talks to Scott Gurvey about his work on TCP/IP.
30 May 2012 | The Network (Cisco)
by Scott Gurvey
"Today Jacobson is working on; you guessed it, network congestion. But this is a different kind of congestion and Jacobson is proposing a different kind of solution...today's problem comes from the fact that the Internet was designed as a communications network, not a media distribution network.
...the key to reducing the wastefully redundant traffic is Content-Centric Networking ('CCN'), in which the key object is the content itself, rather than the end points ('hosts') of the communication. While traditional host based traffic is based around host names ('URLs') which resolve to host addresses; CCN is based on 'Named Content'."
Van Jacobson Denies Averting Internet Meltdown...
25 May 2012 | Wired
by Cade Metz
"The soft-spoken Jacobson doesn’t see it that way, but his pioneering work with the internet’s underlying protocols recently earned him a spot in the inaugural class of the Internet Society’s (ISOC) Internet Hall of Fame, alongside such as names as Vint Cerf, Steve Crocker, and Tim Berners-Lee.
...In the 90s, as the internet took off, Jacobson left Berkeley for networking giant Cisco, and in August 2006, he joined PARC, the Xerox outfit that grew out of the company’s old Palo Alto Research Center. There, he’s still working to improve the internet. But this time, he wants to build an entirely new networking model."
New revolution coming to electronics technology
20 May 2012 | San Jose Mercury News
by Troy Wolverton
"For decades, digital technology has been synonymous with silicon. But maybe for not much longer. The age of printed electronics may soon be upon us. Following years of hype and development, technologies that allow chips and other electronic components to be made using techniques akin to inkjet printing -- rather than by lithography or other standard methods -- may finally be reaching maturity...
Part of the challenge the industry faced was that it was developing individual components, said Davor Sutija, Thinfilm's CEO. While the components might cost less than their silicon-based counterparts, the cost advantage was often lost when they were combined with other parts. But by using technology pioneered by PARC and teaming up with other printed electronics companies, Thinfilm has developed a way to connect and combine components to create a complete printed system."
The real business of the DIY movement
At the inaugural Hardware Innovation Workshop, about 200 leaders in the DIY movement gather to talk about how to build real companies, while still maintaining a maker ethos.
17 May 2012 | CNET
by Daniel Terdiman
"Over the last two days, several hundred of the people behind many of the most impressive businesses to emerge from the maker movement, as well as investors and those interested in the future of digital hardware came together at PARC here for the inaugural Hardware Innovation Workshop...the event -- put on by Make magazine and Maker Faire -- was the likely beginning of a new ecosystem that will tie many of these companies and people together for years to come, and which could help impact the development of entire new industries and businesses.
...Tim O'Reilly, the CEO of O'Reilly Media, which publishes Make magazine, and Dale Dougherty, founder and publisher of Make, also spoke, as did Steve Hoover, CEO of PARC in a welcome address."
Tim O'Reilly at PARC
17 May 2012 | CNET
by James Martin
"Speaking yesterday at PARC at the MAKE Hardware Innovation Workshop, Tim O'Reilly addressed a room full these 'Alpha Geeks'...
'Great things begin with people having fun, but they don't end there', O'Reilly said. He sees MAKE's mission as finding these interesting technologies and people who are innovating from the edge, and amplifying their effectiveness, taking their passion and desire to have an impact on the world and enabling a commercial narrative -- making creativity sustainable by making it a viable business."
Filtering Dirty Water, By Losing the Filter [video]
14 May 2012 | Bloomberg
"Planet Forward’s Frank Sesno discusses the growing challenge of keeping water clean. He reports on Bloomberg Television’s 'Bloomberg West.'"
PARC, 10 Years After Xerox Spin-Off, Says It's All About Innovation
14 May 2012 | Forbes
by Connie Guglielmo
"Its clients include big names like Samsung, Procter & Gamble, Panasonic, Motorola and Honda, the U.S. government and a bevy of startups, some of whom it has spawned or invested in. Last year, 40 percent of its deals were with startups, up from 12 to 15 percent just three yeas ago.
In addition to 200 researchers – including ethnographers who study people and their problems to understand how technology can actually work on their behalf – Hoover also manages a business development and marketing team of about 20 people who work with those researchers to identify potential projects and inventions with market potential."
Creating the National Science Foundation Network with Van Jacobson [video]
Computing Conversations podcasts
1 May 2012 | IEEE Computer
"To better understand computing's potential future directions, it's important to know our past and how we arrived at our current state. This column is dedicated to meeting and talking to people who range from the early pioneers to current visionaries...
[IEEE] Computer’s multimedia editor Charles Severance captures a video interview with Van Jacobson on the creation of the National Science Foundation network in the 1980s. From Computer's May 2012 issue."
Printing: Changing how electronics are made
[invited/ guest contributed]
1 May 2012 | Industrial + Specialty Printing
by Gregory L. Whiting, Ph.D.
"...novel manufacturing platforms could enable an even wider application space to be addressed, which would be complementary and disruptive to conventional semiconductor fabrication."
PARC showcases business models, not products, at 10 year anniversary
29 April 2012 | Ars Technica
by Nathan Mattise
"The message of the day was clear with the first words to greet guests at the registration table (via both conference workers and a commemorative bookmark). 'Just wanted to let you know, "Xerox PARC" is so 10 years ago. Today, we're "PARC, a Xerox company".'
PARC's Power of 10 is a year-long series of events, including public-friendly guest presentations and this half-day conference, to commemorate the company's first ten years of independent operation. In 2002 Xerox incorporated PARC as an independent, wholly owned subsidiary, shifting the R&D pioneers toward an open innovation business model that took center stage on Thursday.
...Chesbrough's point was best emphasized after his presentation. The rest of the afternoon featured panels with representatives from a few PARC-collaborators. They all shared their projects, but the most eye-catching were Nicole Tricoukes, Senior Maverick at Motorola Solutions, and Davor Sutija, CEO of Thin Film."
Episode 134: PARC
27 April 2012 | Press:Here
by Erci Savitz & Farhad Manjoo
"PARC has a long history in Silicon Valley…but do we still need corporate labs?
‘Press: Here’ features the top names in Silicon Valley's technology industry and world-class technology reporters from The Economist, The New York Times, CNBC, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Businessweek, Forbes, The Financial Times, NPR, and Fortune. The show is seen in the San Francisco Bay Area on NBC and on cable in New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Diego, Dallas and Washington DC. High-definition podcasts are available from iTunes."
Predatory IP threatening the progress of open innovation
PARC celebrates 10 years anniversary with a warning
26 April 2012
by Iain Thomson
"Henry Chesbrough, executive director of open innovation at UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, said that patents were originally relatively undervalued, since there was no court system set up to deal with them. But with the advent of specialized courts and legal practices around patents, the pendulum has swung too far the other way.
...Chesbrough was speaking at the celebrations to mark 10 years of PARC as an individual company rather than as [just] the research arm of Xerox."
Internet Hall of Fame Inductees Honored at Historic First Annual Awards Ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland
Internet Society celebrates inductees' landmark achievements at Global INET 2012
23 April 2012 | release
by Internet Society
"The names of the inaugural Internet Hall of Fame inductees were announced today at the Internet Society's Global INET 2012 conference in Geneva, Switzerland. Internet pioneers and luminaries from around the world gathered at the conference to mark the Internet Society's 20th anniversary, and attend an Awards Gala to honor the following 2012 inductees...
Innovators -- Recognizing individuals who made outstanding technological, commercial, or policy advances and helped to expand the Internet's reach: Mitchell Baker, Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, Van Jacobson, Lawrence Landweber, Paul Mockapetris, Craig Newmark, Raymond Tomlinson, Linus Torvalds, and Philip Zimmermann."
The Internet Gets a Hall of Fame (Including Al Gore!)
23 April 2012 | Wired
by Ryan Singel
"The best revolutionaries eventually find themselves hailed in tributes... So it’s almost inevitable that nearly 30 years after the official birthdate of the internet, some of the net’s best-known pioneers, radicals, and troublemakers are being inducted into the Internet Society’s Hall of Fame. The inaugural group includes 33 of the net’s most influential engineers, evangelists and entrepreneurs...
Innovators: [PARC Research Fellow] Van Jacobson: When the internet began to grow in the late 80s, Jacobsen devised a flow control algorithm for TCP that allowed the network to scale and avoid congestion, which is still used today. A leader in network diagnostics and performance, he won a ACM SIGCOMM lifetime achievement award in 2001."
Memory Foraging: When the Brain Behaves Like a Bee
Researchers test the idea that we hunt for memories in our minds the same way some animals search for food
16 April 2012 | Scientific American
by Ferris Jabr
Peter Pirolli, a research fellow at PARC in California who has studied how foraging theories apply to memory, sees the new findings as strong experimental support for an idea that is increasingly popular. 'The general sense that searching for things in the world might have been exapted [sic] to other purposes, such as searching for information internally, is a meme that got started in the 1990s," he explains. "I see more and more work applying this aspect of behavioral ecology not just to memory but to all kinds of search and task management."
The age of flexible electronics is upon us
16 April 2012 | VentureBeat
by Dean Takahashi
"It has taken decades to reach this point because it requires the invention of new semiconductor manufacturing technologies, which have to be reused in ways that apply to the new kinds of materials. The good thing is that putting a little bit of electronics into flexible or wearable materials can result in a lot of new applications that don’t cost all that much to build. Flexible electronics is still looking for home-run applications, but it’s not as pie-in-the sky as it sounds. The manufacturing has improved to the point where simple memory devices cost just pennies."
How Computers Are Creating a Second Economy Without Workers
Call it the post-employee economy: The digital revolution is creating billions of dollars of wealth in a second world without people
10 April 2012 | The Atlantic
by Bill Davidow
"The Second Economy -- a term the [Visiting PARC Researcher and] economist Brian Arthur uses to describe the computer-intensive portion of the economy -- is, quite simply, the virtual economy.
...Arthur's article in the McKinsey Quarterly, titled 'The Second Economy', does a wonderful job of explaining it."
...Research Projects Aimed at Making Healthcare Less of a Pain
10 April 2012 | HealthNewsDigest
"If you think back to the last time you saw a doctor, it’s easy to see the barriers that stand between patients and physicians: excessive paperwork, difficulties sharing test results and medical records, confusing payment instructions, not to mention the limited time doctors have with each patient.
...Mobile care coordination: Ethnographers – researchers who track the habits of workers as they go about their day – and technologists at PARC, A Xerox company, are working with practicing nurses to develop the Digital Nurse Assistant – a combination of in-room displays and mobile technology that delivers information on past, current, and planned actions for a patient. Displays turn on automatically when a recognized clinician enters a room to treat a patient, and mobile devices allow caregivers to document their work without locating and logging into a workstation."
Flexible displays bend what's possible for computers
..."Just one word. Plastics," he whispers. "There's a great future in plastics."
5 April 2012 | USA Today
by Jon Swartz
"Until then, flexible displays will be visible in smaller, more modest designs such as smart security tags, shelf and food labels, and loyalty cards with memory, says Janos Veres, who manages the printed electronics team at PARC.
PARC, the storied research center that inspired many of the features in the original Macintosh computer, is tinkering with plastic memory, chips on consumer goods packaging, sensors on helmets, and more.
One project is a wearable patch with sensors to monitor a patient's heart rate, temperature and blood pressure. PARC is also looking at the concept of a flexible battery to save energy and space, Veres says."
Announcing Make's Hardware Innovation Workshop
5 April 2012 | O'Reilly Radar
by Dale Doughterty
"We are starting to see what results from a powerful combination of open hardware + personal fabrication tools + connected makers... Even now, the pace of development is quickening and the number of hardware startups is rapidly growing.
Tim O'Reilly has been urging that the opportunity is now to showcase makers as professionals who are starting new businesses and developing new products. So, I'm happy to announce a new business conference during the week of Maker Faire... Presented by Make, the Hardware Innovation Workshop will be held Tuesday and Wednesday, May 15-16, at PARC, a Xerox company, in Palo Alto, California. (I'm excited to have PARC host us and this event because of its long history as a source of technology innovation.)"
Could content-centric networking provide a profitable future?
4 April 2012 | European Communications
"When Van Jacobson has something to say, people tend to listen. His algorithms for the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) helped solve the problem of internet congestion and enabled it to survive a major traffic surge in 1988-89 without collapsing. Jacobson is currently a research fellow at PARC, the company that invented ethernet, and is warning telcos that new problems lie on the horizon.
...Thanks to the strain on their networks, telcos are well aware of the content revolution underway; however, Jacobson said the 'fixes' they have used to handle the shift will not last forever. ...The ENC has brought together a range of partners to work on PARC’s answer to this problem: content-centric networking."
Thinfilm Wins IDTechEx Product Development Award for World’s First Printed Addressable Memory
4 April 2012 | Printed Electronics Now
"Thinfilm Addressable Memory, the result of an extensive collaboration involving PARC, a Xerox company, Solvay and Polyera, is a significant step toward the Internet of Things (IoT), a technology trend identified by Gartner as one of the Top 10 Strategic Trends of the decade."
Can new CEOs fix H-P, RIM, and Yahoo?
Over the last few weeks, new chiefs at three once pioneering tech companies...have begun making drastic moves and tough choices as they try to turn around the tarnished giants.
3 April 2012 | WSJ MarketWatch
by Therese Poletti
"'In the beginning, products are too expensive...The technology is always more than what people can use,' said Clayton Christensen, the author of The Innovator’s Dilemma and other books, who spoke to a packed house at PARC in Palo Alto, Calif. last week. 'There are always, though, a few nerds — like here — who will never be satisfied.'"
Data 2.0 Summit Explores the Big Data, Social Data, and Open Data Revolution
...speakers from over 80 companies discuss why cloud data is the next $100 billion dollar industry.
2 April 2012 | release
by Data 2.0 Summit
"Highlighting the Data 2.0 Summit are speakers including: Jim Fowler, Co-Founder of Jigsaw.com (now Data.com); Bram Cohen, founder of BitTorrent; Gil Elbaz, founder and CEO of Factual; as well as executives from PARC (a Xerox Company), 10gen, Hadoop, DataStax, Intuit, Dun & Bradstreet, RapLeaf, GNIP, Mashery, RadiumOne, Kaggle, Cloudera, MTV Networks, Experian, Bizo, BlueKai, and Walmart Labs."
How To Get From A Great Idea To Actual Innovation
There's a tendency for all of us to glorify the ideation process when in fact it's the reduction to practice that's perhaps more important, says Stephen Hoover, CEO of PARC, a Xerox company.
30 March 2012 | Fast Company [invited/ guest contributed]
by Jocelyn Hawkes
"'You'd think we'd have a really complex answer for this one, given that PARC is in the business of breakthroughs... But for me, it's really simple and can even be captured in one phrase: Inventions with impact. As in impact on people, our clients' businesses, and the world. In whatever forms it takes.'"
Building content smarts into the network
PARC - the company that invented the mouse/pointer/icon combination you're probably using to navigate this story - has just launched a three letter acronym: the Emerging Network Consortium (ENC)
29 March 2012 | TelecomTV
by Ian Scales
"In essence, today's Internet of computers just talking to each other is so 'yesterday'. Tomorrow's evolved Internet will need to be all about shifting an ever-increasing flood of video efficiently and securely - the current Internet is not architected to cope."
How Super-Connectivity Kills Economics
The result of increased connectivity has been a more volatile and less predictable economy -- and theories that no longer apply to our frenzied world.
20 March 2012 | The Atlantic
by Bill Davidow
"I'm using the words positive feedback in an engineering sense... Here's where economists come in. Positive feedback greatly magnifies the differences between reality and idealistic theory. As W. Brian Arthur, a visiting researcher at PARC points out, 'conventional economic theory tends to simplify its questions in order to seek analytical solutions'."
Global industry collaboration key focus for China
20 March 2012 | pv magazine: Photovoltaic Markets & Technology
by Becky Stuart
"Another newcomer to the Chinese solar scene is PARC… Scott Elrod, vice president and director of the hardware systems lab explained that the company is focused on the cleantech industry, and works with companies in Europe, the U.S. and Asia. PARC specializes in advanced cell architecture, and particularly focuses on photovoltaic cell printing, metallization, grid lines, laser processing and point contacts."
Materials Research Society Announces 2012 MRS Fellows
Twenty-eight honored for distinguished research accomplishments and contributions to the advancement of materials research
19 March 2012 | release
"The Materials Research Society (MRS) will recognize the following 28 members as Fellows of the Materials Research Society at the 2012 MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco. This recognition honors MRS members who are notable for their distinguished accomplishments and their outstanding contributions to the advancement of materials research, worldwide... "
John Northrup, PARC, a Xerox company -- "For guiding insights based on first-principles calculations of total energies and band structures related to atomic arrangements in semiconductor materials, particularly on surfaces, heterointerfaces, dislocations, and chemical defects"
Can ARPA-E build a bridge across the 'Valley of Death'?
6 March 2012 | E&E News
by Umair Irfan
"PARC is investigating clean-tech, using its expertise in printing to print better solar cells and more energy-dense lithium ion batteries... [Scott Elrod] explained that the company is going after energy investments, including power generation, because it's an emerging market that's here to stay. The company received some funding from DOE, but not under ARPA-E."
The Culture of Innovation
What Makes San Francisco Bay Area Companies Different?
1 March 2012 | Booz & Company
by with Bay Area Council Economic Institute
"The most recent incarnation of PARC, Xerox's storied Silicon Valley research facility, is an example. PARC is now a separate division of Xerox, with a mission to innovate not just for the benefit of theparent company, but also for other companies and the government..."
Reinventing energy at ARPA-E: Plastic light concentrator [photos]
28 February 2012 | CNET
by Martin La Monica
"The ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit brings a number of startups but a large portion of the exhibitors are from national labs, universities, and research organizations. PARC, which is a Xerox company, has an energy research arm and is displaying this solar concentrator. It reflects light with dies in a sheet of plastic and then directs it up through the Fresnel lens on the top. The idea is to manufacture this at very small scale so that you could use sheets of plastic with this design embedded in it to reflect light cheaply."
Wanna Manage The Innovation Process? Focus On Planning Scenarios, Not Fighting Fires [PARC comment]
22 February 2012 | Fast Company Co.Design
by Jeffrey Phillips
article excerpt: "Perhaps the most important transition point is between idea selection and product development. History is replete with examples of organizations that generated hundreds of great ideas that were never developed or implemented. ...Scenario planning isn’t difficult and it is a great tool to begin to anticipate possible futures."
PARC comment excerpt: "Sure, scenario planning is a useful tool, and great for helping companies innovate when they know where they want to go. But the reality of innovation is that people in boardrooms and laboratories don't decide what's successful in the marketplace: people do. That's why incorporating human factors insights from social scientists and ethnographic observations of people in context (which reveal what people do, not just what they say they do) can help companies determine where they SHOULD go. In other words: don't just focus on solving the problem 'right', but focus on solving the 'right' problem."
Meshin Introduces Recall Into The Android Market
[and] 10 Questions With Meshin CEO Chris Holmes
22 February 2012 | The Droid Guy
"…Meshin have introduced another great app to the Android Market. Our Apps Editor… has his own way of reviewing apps, for me though most apps that I consider 'best' are apps that qualify as productive or business. Meshin Recall is one of those apps. It integrates with your Evernote account and all, or as many of, your calendars that you want."
"Meshin came out of PARC with their biggest chunk of funding coming from Xerox..."
The perils of Farmville: A look into the social gaming phenomenon [audio]
15 February 2012 | WHYY Radio
by Marty Moss-Coane
"Zynga, a social games company that has created hits like Farmvilleand Words With Friends, made headlines recently after Facebook released data indicating that Zynga is responsible for about 12 percent of its annual revenue... Generating billions of dollars and claiming over 50 million users, they are extremely popular and an important part of the gaming industry. But these types of games have been embroiled in a debate...
We also here from Nick Yee of PARC, who studies player motivations and the psychological implications of social gaming."
DoD Taps PARC To Help Detect Insider Threats
PARC, famous for its innovations, will develop technology for the Department of Defense that aims to identify inside security threats, using behavioral data, social networks, and other sources.
15 February 2012 | InformationWeek
by Elizabeth Montalbano
"PARC...is spearheading a new effort called the Graph Learning for Anomaly Detection using Psychological Context (GLAD-PC). The project will leverage large-scale behavioral data sets as well as information from social networks and other sources to determine when someone inside the military could pose a security risk.
...The DoD has awarded PARC $3.5 million for its role in the project, and the technology developed could have commercial potential after it's deployed within the government."
The Perils and Pleasures of Online Gaming for Married Life
14 February 2012 | Scientific American
by Ferris Jabr
"...Nick Yee of PARC in California has surveyed more than 35,000 players of massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), such as World of Warcraft. He has found that only 25 percent of MMORPG players are teenagers. What’s more, nearly 36 percent of players are married and 22 percent have children."
Love and Warcraft: Spouses Being Pushed Aside For Video Games
14 February 2012 | U.S. News & World Report
by Jason Koebler
"A survey has found an increasing number of spouses who don’t play video games are becoming 'gaming widows', seeing their significant other spend all their time in online worlds.
...Nick Yee, a research scientist at PARC who focuses on social interactions in virtual environments, says the findings aren't surprising..."
A Revolution of Machines Quietly Hums
9 February 2012 | New York Times
by Chrystia Freeland
"Mr. Arthur’s contention is that a second, machine-to-machine economy is emerging and that it will bring deep economic, social and political change comparable to the transformation wrought by the Industrial Revolution."
Progress in Printed Electronics: An Interview with PARC’s Janos Veres [podcast]
31 January 2012 | ElectroIQ
by Pete Singer, Solid State Technology
"PARC is a pioneer in the development and commercialization of thin film transistors, circuits, and sensors. With a 40 year history of commercial innovation, PARC scientists have a deep knowledge of printing technology applied in domains such as displays, image sensors, and medical sensors, PARC's technical expertise and facility support printed dielectrics, nanoparticle metals, organic, oxide, and silicon (amorphous, polycrystalline, printed nanowire) semiconductors. Solid State Technology editor Pete Singer caught up with Janos Veres, area manager for printed electronics in the electronic materials and devices laboratory at PARC."
Printed Stickers Designed to Monitor Food Temperatures
Effort aims to merge technology from four companies to create the first sticker with all-printed electronics.
30 January 2012 | Technology Review
by David Talbot
"A plastic temperature-recording sticker that could provide detailed histories of crates of food or bottles of vaccine would be the first to use all-printed electronics components—including memory, logic, and even the battery. The cost per sticker could be only 30 cents or less.
Thin Film Electronics, based in Oslo, Norway, aims to marry the company's printed memory with printed transistors from PARC in Palo Alto, California; a printed temperature sensor from PST Sensors, a spin-off from the University of Cape Town in South Africa; and a printed battery from Imprint Energy, a spin-off from the University of California, Berkeley. The first prototype using all the components is expected later this year."
Printable smart tags could link carrots to the internet of things
25 January 2012 | SlashGear
by Chris Davies
"The culmination of several decades of R&D by ThinFilm Electronics, with some help from PARC’s printed transistors, the multilayer tags combine a year’s worth of battery power, sensors and a small display, and will initially be used to show a temperature record of perishable food and medications.
...by adding in PARC printed transistors, meanwhile, the tags can collect information themselves and process it."
State of Green Business 2012
[invited/ guest contributed]
18 January 2012 | GreenBiz.com
by Scott Elrod
"Someone at PARC once famously quoted, 'The best way to predict the future is to invent it.' When that concept is applied to cleantech – where the future is focused on deploying solutions at a massive scale, and where there is no Moore's Law for PV – I'd say the best way to predict the future is to 'innovate' it."
Man vs. Machine: Behind the Jobless Recovery
17 January 2012 | Wall Street Journal
by Timothy Aeppel
"The trend toward using labor-saving machines and software isn't limited to factories. W. Brian Arthur, an economist at PARC, says businesses are increasingly using computers and software in the place of people in the nation's vast service sector. Many companies, for instance, use automation to process orders or send bills. 'It's not just machines replacing people, though there's some of that,' Mr. Arthur says. 'It's much more the digitization of the whole economy.'"
Venture capitalists need to put their money on real risk [PARC comment]
11 January 2012 | Harvard Business Review
by Bruce Gibney and Ken Howery
article excerpt: "It's time for VCs to return to boldness. We must find and help build the revolutionary startups that will generate transformational change and create billions in value. That is where the returns lie."
PARC comment excerpt: "We'd like to point out, though, that there are problems that are simply too big and complex for any one type of entity... So if VCs and startups want to play a role in fostering disruptive change, they need to connect the players, beyond their typical networks. Besides enabling access to expertise and resources not otherwise available to small companies, PARC for example helps create the partnerships and ecosystem necessary to solve big, complex problems."
It’s a new day at the PARC
6 January 2012 | Silicon Valley / San Jose Business Journal
by Diana Samuels
"'It's amazing from a small company's point of view to work with these guys because you have ideas that you want to see as an extension of your product and some of these research centers, amazingly enough, are working on these concepts,' Pfeiffer [CTO of Power Assure] said. 'You can find really amazing case studies, research that you can then leverage for your own development.'"
Reinventing Xerox PARC As a Money Maker
22 December 2011 | Slashdot
The Comeback of Xerox PARC
...Xerox's R&D subsidiary has a new strategy for innovation: make money.
21 December 2011
"PARC, which once served only Xerox, now has an expanding list of technologies in development with outside partners that include Fujitsu, Motorola, NEC Display Solutions, Microsoft, Samsung, SolFocus, and Oracle. The change in strategy has helped turn it from a multimillion-dollar financial sinkhole into a modest, but growing, innovation business.
For PARC, the partnerships are signs that open innovation is working. 'There are plenty of great ideas at PARC, but you learn early on that execution is often the hard part—execution and timing,' says St. Claire. '...You almost have to be as innovative in the commercialization—especially when you have game-changing technologies—as on the technology side.'"
PARC: A Brief Nod to the Minds Behind Laser Printing, Ethernet, the GUI and More
Technology News and Analysis
20 December 2011 | TechSpot
by Matthew DeCarlo
"Although we generally associate technological advancements with the companies that successfully commercialize them, there are often underappreciated bodies toiling away behind the curtain. In many cases over the last 40 years, PARC has been that hidden player…
PARC continues to tinker with bleeding edge technology, with much of it focused on 'clean tech.'…It's also studying sensemaking along with other human behaviors and working on 'context-aware, content-centric' networking to improve the way data shifts around the Internet."
Thinfilm CEO Davor Sutija Wants Your Stuff To Talk To You
14 December 2011 | Forbes
by Alex Knapp
"'For example,' Sutija says. 'Think of your car. Right now you rely on a maintenance schedule for replacements, repairs, service, etc. But imagine that the individual components of your car can be tagged – your brakes can tell you when they need to be replaced by using its own sensors and reporting the information.'
That’s the future that Thinfilm is working towards through a new partnership with PARC, a Xerox company. Last October, the two companies announced that they had created a printable chip using PARC’s transistors and Thinfilm’s memory to create a low-cost, low-power memory that’s capable of being subject to programming logic."
PARC Spin-Out PowerCloud Systems Raises $6 Million From Qualcomm
14 December 2011 | TechCrunch
by Robin Wauters
"PowerCloud Systems, a spin-out of PARC that offers a ‘networking-as-a-service’ platform for OEMs and service providers, has raised $6 million in Series B funding in a round led by Qualcomm Ventures, with prior backers Walden Venture Capital, Javelin Venture Partners and PARC participating...PowerCloud Systems is not only a spin-out from PARC, but its technology is also supported by intellectual property developed at the research center, including 10 patents in areas ranging from cloud-virtualized network controllers to usable security."
PowerCloud Systems Secures $6 Million in Series B Funding Led by Qualcomm
Funding Fuels Growth of Networking as a Service (NaaS) Platform for OEMs and Service Providers
13 December 2011 | release
by PowerCloud Systems
"PowerCloud Systems is a spin-out from PARC, a premier center for innovation, and the technology underpinning the CloudCommand platform is supported by intellectual property developed at PARC..."
Men, women – and machines
The rise of interconnected digital machines is threatening to change our economy in profound ways
9 December 2011 | Financial Times
by Gillian Tett
"One might almost call these machines the third great sex: in the labour market now, it is not simply a question of men versus women, but men, women – and machines.
Does this matter? Brian Arthur, an esteemed economist, scientist and visiting scholar at PARC, thinks it does. For the crucial thing to understand about these new digitised machines…is that they are not automating human processes; …these machines have been communicating with each other and interacting with decreasing human oversight. The net result is the rise of a second, 'digitized economy', which is operating alongside the 'real' human world – and threatening to change our economy in profound ways."
The Empire Strikes Back
How Xerox and other big corporations are harnessing the force of disruptive innovation.
1 December 2011 | Technology Review
by Scott D. Anthony and Clayton M. Christensen
"As Burns plunged Xerox into the services business, she devoted R&D resources—at the storied PARC lab and elsewhere—to developing...
This is disruptive innovation—making the complicated simple, making the expensive affordable, driving growth by transforming what exists and creating what doesn't. And it appears to be working: profits in Xerox's services business rose..."
Can the Jobs-and-Income Crisis End Well?
Some economists believe that today's grinding unemployment and slow growth are masking the transition to a vibrant digital economy
25 November 2011 | Bloomberg BusinessWeek
by Chris Farrell
"In recent writings, such scholars as Eric Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAfee, W. Brian Arthur, and Richard Florida, as well as consultants at McKinsey & Co., have made a strong case that we’re living through a transition toward an economy dominated by a digital ecosystem. 'Technological progress—in particular, improvements in computer hardware, software, and networks—has been so rapid and so surprising that many present-day organizations, institutions, policies, and mindsets are not keeping up,' write Brynjolfsson and McAfee, scholars at the MIT Sloan School of Management and authors of the e-book, Race Against the Machine. Adds Arthur, a visiting researcher with PARC in a McKinsey & Co. essay: 'Is this the biggest change since the Industrial Revolution? Well, without sticking my neck out too far, I believe so.'"
On moving printed electronics from enabling technology to application
22 November 2011 | Printed Electronics World
by Raghu Das, CEO of IDTechEx
"IDTechEx recently visited PARC in California and learnt of its business model today, culture, and legacy pioneering technological change...among many other industry contributions.
Below, I share some updates on what IDTechEx has been observing at PARC. Taken together, these updates convey an important movement beyond the enabling materials, processes, equipment, and components."
Fresh Copy: How Ursula Burns Reinvented Xerox
Xerox's PARC research center has already developed a host of technologies to transform the service industry--parking meters that can call 911 and road sensors that ticket you if you go too fast.
19 November 2011 | Fast Company
by Ellen McGirt
"'Look,' Burns chimes in [a joint conversation with PARC CEO Steve Hoover], 'not everything that happens here makes it to the marketplace. But PARC now has a model that allows them to dream beyond the boundaries of what Xerox can use...'"
Who Are the Power Players Out West?
16 November 2011 | AlwaysOn
by Tony Perkins
"...check out the list of players that have already been nominated" -- includes PARC.
PARC's Best Idea Today: A Better, Faster, Stronger Internet
We asked the Palo Alto Research Center -- the guys who invented the Ethernet...and the laser printer -- to tell us the most interesting thing they're working on today. Here's what they gave us.
10 November 2011 | The Atlantic
by Derek Thompson
"The problem: …The tubes, if you will, get congested. This is partly because the Internet was designed to be a communications network -- in which users connect with each other -- but it has become a distribution network, where one piece of media goes out to many different users. We need a new Internet to deal with new media.
The idea: PARC is trying to build that new Internet with a technology called 'content-centric networking' or CCN. Here's a dramatically simplified version of how this idea is supposed to work...
The potential: A faster, more powerful, more secure, and all-around better Internet."
Digitized Decision Making and the Hidden Second Economy
Techonomy [invited/ guest contributed]
10 November 2011 | Forbes
by Stephen Hoover
"There’s something big happening right now. I’m not referring to any of the popular technology memes per se—big data, social, cloud, mobile, augmented reality, context, post-PC devices, consumerization, 3-D printing, etc. I’m referring to something behind, and beyond, all of these technologies: the digitization of decision making. This increasing trend is creating a 'second economy' underneath and alongside the physical economy we know so well, and on a revolutionary scale…
[PARC visiting researcher and Santa Fe Institute external professor W. Brian] Arthur argues that this second economy, which author Nick Carr in turn dubs the age of 'deep automation,' may represent the biggest shift since the Industrial Revolution, and lead to increases in productivity output as well as decreases in physical jobs.
...Since joining PARC, a Xerox company approaching its 10-year anniversary as a business for open innovation with multiple clients, I have been focused on the following question: just what will happen to invention and innovation in this second economy? More specifically, what will be the role of R&D and innovation organizations in a new global innovation landscape?"
Dentsu and PARC reach ethnography agreement
Research firm Dentsu Marketing Insight and its ad agency parent have reached an agreement with Xerox-owned innovation firm PARC to source ethnography services.
9 November 2011 | Research
by James Verrinder
"PARC Ethnography Services Group will work with the Japanese firms to make naturalistic, in-person studies of consumer behaviour available to Dentsu clients.
Kenichi Kobayashi, CEO at Dentsu Marketing Insight, said: "Ethnographic research scientifically defines how to truly understand your customer. We know our clients will now see their services, brands, and products in a completely new light through these ethnographic findings."
Meshin for Android tackles communication chaos
2 November 2011 | GigaOM
by Kevin C. Tofel
"Meshin, a Xerox-funded incubator project at PARC, updated its beta Android application that hopes to 'bring order to communication chaos.'
...there’s a number of companies working on this problem. However, I’m surprised that these applications aren’t getting adopted by the mass market: More people are buying smartphones, so it’s not unreasonable to assume that these same people are or will be inundated by notifications and messages.
Am I the only one with 'communication chaos' or do I just have too many digital contacts across my work and personal worlds? Regardless, I’m keeping an eye on this space."
Why Ideas are Unprofitable
American companies are not proficient at turning original concepts into vibrant businesses. What they need is a balanced approach to innovation
27 October 2011 | Bloomberg BusinessWeek
by Matt Reilly
"The dirty little secret about American ingenuity is that we’re terrible at translating original ideas into profit-producing businesses. This might be considered heresy in the era of popular thinkfests such as TED and Davos, but ideas are inherently unprofitable. The value of an idea (and its inventor) is essentially zero. True economic value lies in the person or company that can figure out how to scale an idea and deliver it efficiently to market.
...Companies presently caught in the innovation death spiral need not despair. In 2002, Palo
Alto Research Center was incorporated as an independent business. Today, it is a $60 million research organization that helps clients leverage their own technologies while seasoning them with concepts originated in-house."
Stephen Hoover on Innovation: The business of breakthroughs [video]
Babbage: Science and Technology
27 October 2011 | The Economist
"In this Tea With the Economist video, PARC CEO Stephen Hoover talks about the business of invention, employing laser-printer know-how to purify water, and creating an internet of content."
Addressable memory for RF devices in progress
26 October 2011 | EE Times Asia
by Peter Clarke
"Thin Film Electronics ASA and PARC have combined their printed memory and organic addressing regime, respectively, to create a working prototype of a printed non-volatile memory. The ferroelectric polymer storage is addressed with p- and n-type organic circuits similar to CMOS circuitry."
Hand-in-Hand: Security and Innovation
'Future First' Theme of VanRoekel's First Speech as Federal CIO
26 October 2011 | GovInfoSecurity.com
by Eric Chabrow
"We shouldn't make the false choice between security and innovation," VanRoekel said Tuesday at PARC, the storied Xerox research company in Palo Alto, Calif. "In fact, innovation can make us more secure as long as we build security into everything we do."
America’s New CIO Wants To Disrupt Government And Make It A Startup
26 October 2011 | Talking Points Memo
by Sarah Lai Stirland
"It’s not a coincidence that my first speech is being made in PARC," Steven VanRoekel tells a roomful of curious people in Silicon Valley who have come to spend their Tuesday evening to find out what the nation’s federal chief information officer actually does.
"America’s future now depends on our capacity to innovate, and to harness technology," VanRoekel says during his first public speech in his new role as America’s second chief information officer at PARC’s auditorium in Palo Alto. The event was organized by the Silicon Valley social and business groups The Churchill Club, TechNet and TechAmerica.
The legendary PARC has played a role in the development of many game-changing aspects of modern computing from the development of personal computers to key details such as the graphical user interface. The company, a subsidiary of Xerox, continues to work with both private companies and governments to come up with new ideas in computing and business processes."
Researchers Couple Printed Logic with Printed Memory
The device processes only small amounts of data, but at a very low cost.
26 October 2011 | Technology Review
by Kate Greene
"Printed electronics have been advancing in bits and pieces for years -- a crude processor here, a basic memory device there. Now researchers at PARC and the Norwegian company Thinfilm Electronics have announced a printed electronic device that, for the first time, marries transistors with memory.
...Earlier this year, Thinfilm showed off a handheld device capable of reading cards printed with circuits that store 20 bits of data. In May, the company announced engineering deals with two major toy manufacturers who plan to use its printable memory.
...The prototype is a 'building block' that can be used for a number of different applications, says Raghu Das, CEO of IDTechEx, a research firm. 'There has been a huge effort on printing transistors globally,' Das says, 'but very poor effort on making useful building blocks like this, which can be used horizontally for many applications.' The announcement by PARC and Thinfilm, he says, is 'very good news.'"
NFC Technology Drives Thinner, Cheaper Circuits
24 October 2011 | Mobiledia.com
by Kendra Srivastava
"Cheaper, two-way circuits may change the way objects and phones carry and transmit information, but their success depends on NFC's wider adoption in the mobile payment marketplace.
The Addressable Memory transistors by Thinfilm and PARC are printed on thin plastic and cost a fraction of their silicon equivalents, RFID tags. They can also both send and receive data from smartphones, unlike the passive product labels available on today's market.
The chips are set to be unveiled in 2012, with plans to have them wirelessly broadcast information about products by 2013."
New printed chip could spark cheaper sensor networks
21 October 2011 | GigaOM
by Stacey Higginbotham
"Thin Film Electronics ASA...has developed a way to add computing to its circuits through a partnership with Xerox PARC. This means it can offer thin, disposable tracking tags for a few cents apiece, and it could soon provide a valuable component for the Internet of things.
Thin Film is an Oslo-based company that has been in business since the mid-90s. It has been manufacturing thin-film memory chips that provide about 20 kilobytes of storage, which were used in toys and games. But thanks to its partnership with PARC it has added transistors to its circuits, which gives the chips a soupcon of intelligence — enough to perhaps track inventory or send environmental data from a sensor back to the network. It has also added a bit more memory.
…A low price is important, because it makes the technology far more accessible than RFID or other technology that today is used for tracking high-value inventory. RFID chips are built on silicon and can cost a few dollars, so aren’t practical for everyday items."
Printable transistors usher in 'internet of things'
Billions of systems, printed dirt cheap
21 October 2011 | The Register
by Rik Myslewski
"Thinfilm and PARC's breakthrough is a technology that can print not only memory onto, well, thin films, but can now also print transistors to address and manage that memory.
…Up until Friday's announcement, Thinfilm's non-volatile, ferroelectric memory was completely passive – it just sat there, holding those 20 bits in its memory cells. To be rewritten or read, it needed to be accessed by an external device which used one access pad for each memory cell. What Thinfilm and PARC have now developed is the ability to print not only the memory cells, but to also print the logic onto the same substrate needed to manage those memory cells.
…Thinfilm and PARC aren't working in a vacuum. 'There are a number of companies, [Thinfilm CEO] Sutija told us, 'that have been working on printed sensors, printed power sources, printed displays, and we're going to be active in build an ecosystem with these other partners to be able to then create integrated products.'"
Thin Film, PARC tip printed 'CMOS' memory
21 October 2011 | EE Times
by Peter Clarke
"...produced a working prototype of a printed ferroelectric polymer non-volatile memory that is addressed with p- and n-type organic circuits, the equivalent of CMOS circuitry.
The companies claimed that the combination of Thin Film's printed memory and PARC's organic addressing regime is the key to producing roll-to-roll printable memory that can be used in the Internet-of-Things where everything has an IP address and is connected to the Internet via a smart tag. Such smart tags require rewritable nonvolatile memory that is low cost and supports integration with sensors and other electronic components, which this technology supports, the companies said.
...The prototype will be publicly demonstrated at PARC on Monday, Oct. 24, in conjunction with a visit from the Norwegian Minister of Trade and Industry, His Excellency Trond Giske."
Collaborating with Industry on Printed Electronics
[invited/ guest contributed]
6 October 2011 | Industrial + Specialty Printing
by Dr. Ross Bringans, PARC
"Printing enables low-cost advantages and novel form factors not easily attained by other electronics-manufacturing methods. The applications, from consumer electronics to biomedical devices, are endless. A great deal of progress has been made recently in printed electronics, but why don't we see printed devices around us everyday, everywhere?"