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Distributed state representation for tracking problems in sensor networks

 

This paper investigates the problem of designing decentralized representations to support monitoring and inferences in sensor networks. State-space models of physical phenomena such as those arising from tracking multiple interacting targets, while commonly used in signal processing and control, suffer from the curse of dimensionality as the number of phenomena of interest increases. Furthermore, mapping an inference algorithm onto a distributed sensor network must appropriately allocate scarce sensing and communication resources. We address the state-space explosion problem by developing a distributed state-space model that switches between factored and joint state spaces as appropriate. We develop a collaborative group abstraction as a mechanism to effectively support the information flow within and across subspaces of the state-space model, which can be efficiently supported in a communication-constrained network. The approach has been implemented and demonstrated in a simulation of tracking multiple interacting targets.

 
citation

Liu, J. J. ; Liu, J.; Chu, M. ; Reich, J. E. ; Zhao, F. Distributed state representation for tracking problems in sensor networks. Third International Symposium on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN '04); 2004 April 26-27; Berkeley; CA. NY: ACM; 2004; 234-242.