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ScentHighlights: highlighting conceptually-related sentences during reading

 

Researchers have noticed that readers are increasingly skimming instead of reading in depth. Skimming also occur in re-reading activities, where the goal is to recall specific topical facts. Bookmarks and highlighters were invented precisely to achieve this goal. For skimming activities, readers need effective ways to direct their attention toward the most relevant passages within text. We describe how we have enhanced skimming activity by conceptually highlighting sentences within electronic text that relate to search keywords. We perform the conceptual highlighting by computing what conceptual keywords are related to each other via word co-occurrence and spreading activation. Spreading activation is a cognitive model developed in psychology to simulate how memory chunks and conceptual items are retrieved in our brain. We describe the method used, and illustrate the idea with realistic scenarios using our system.

 
citation

Chi, E. H. ; Hong, L. ; Gumbrecht, M. ; Card, S. K. ScentHighlights: highlighting conceptually-related sentences during reading. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces; 2005 January 10-13; San Diego; CA; USA. NY: ACM; 2005; 272-274.