The nature of technology
what it is and how it evolves
The Nature of Technology presents a powerful theory of technology's origins and evolution. The author, Brian Arthur, a Visiting Researcher at PARC and an External Professor at the Santa Fe Institute, explains how tranformative new technoloiges arise and how innovation really works. New technologies do not spring from "thinking outside the box" or even from genius or raw creativity. Rather, technologies are put together from pieces - themselves technologies - that already exist. Technologies share common ancestries and combine, morph and combine again to create further technologies.
Arthur, W. Brian. The nature of technology: what it is and how it evolves. NY: Free Press; 2009.