Transient photoconductivity in polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells: competition between sweep-out and recombination
Transient photoconductivity measurements carried out on bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells demonstrate the competition between carrier sweep-out by the internal field and the loss of photo-generated carriers by recombination. The transient photocurrent data imply the existence of a well-defined internal field; carrier sweep-out is proportional to the magnitude of the internal field and limited by the carrier mobility. At external voltages near open circuit where the internal field approaches zero, the photocurrent decays because of the recombination of photo-generated mobile carriers.
Cowan, S.; Street, R. A.; Cho, S.; Heeger, A. Transient photoconductivity in polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells: competition between sweep-out and recombination. Physical Review B. 2011 January; 83: 035205.