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Market-based control mechanisms for electric power demand response


We propose a settlement mechanism for optimally scheduling real time electricity consumption which is suitable for an automated demand response control system. Our proposed settlement mechanism, supply function bidding, is interpreted as a Newton algorithm for optimization problems with decomposable structure, and it is shown to satisfy the second fundamental theorem of welfare economics for the case of affine supply function bids. We simulate the behavior of our proposed control mechanism for the case of demand response via home temperature control, and we demonstrate how a suboptimal control policy can have adverse impacts both in terms of system performance and also in terms of economic incentives.

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Papavasiliou, A.; Hindi, H.; Greene, D. H. Market-based control mechanisms for electric power demand response. 49th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2010); 2010 December 15-17 2010; Atlanta, GA.


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