Nitride laser diodes with non-epitaxial cladding layers
Semiconductor laser diodes typically use lattice-matched epitaxial layers as waveguide cladding materials. We describe a new laser diode architecture in which the upper cladding layer is replaced with an evaporated or sputtered non-epitaxial material. Designs and results are presented for 415 nm InGaN laser diodes that use indium tin oxide, silver, or a silver-palladium-copper alloy as the cladding material, chosen because the material exhibits requisite optical and electrical properties. The non-epitaxial cladding layer offers several advantages, such as eliminating the need to expose vulnerable InGaN active layers to the high temperatures required for growing conventional p-AlGaN cladding layers subsequent to the active layer growth.
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Cheng, B.; Chua, C. L.; Yang, Z. H.; Teepe, M. R.; Knollenberg, C.; Strittmatter, A.; Johnson, N. M. Nitride laser diodes with non-epitaxial cladding layers. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2010 March; 22 (5): 329-331.
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