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Diagnosing heterogeneous Hadoop clusters


We present a data-driven approach for diagnosing performance issues in heterogeneous Hadoop clusters. Hadoop is a popular and extremely successful framework for horizontally scalable distributed computing over large data sets based on the MapReduce framework. In its current implementation, Hadoop assumes a homogeneous cluster of compute nodes. This assumption manifests in Hadoop's scheduling algorithms, but is also crucial to existing approaches for diagnosing performance issues, which rely on the peer similarity between nodes. It is desirable to enable efficient use of Hadoop on heterogeneous clusters as well as on virtual/cloud infrastructure, both of which violate the peer-similarity assumption. To this end, we have implemented and here present preliminary results of an approach for automatically diagnosing the health of nodes in the cluster, as well as the resource requirements of incoming MapReduce jobs. We show that the approach can be used to identify abnormally performing cluster nodes and to diagnose the kind of fault occurring on the node in terms of the system resource affected by the fault (e.g., CPU contention, disk I/O contention). We also describe our future plans for using this approach to increase the efficiency of Hadoop on heterogeneous and virtual clusters, with or without faults.


Gupta, S.; Fritz, C.; de Kleer, J.; Witteveen, C. Diagnosing heterogeneous Hadoop clusters.23rd International Workshop on the Principles of Diagnosis (DX2012); 2013 July 31 - August 3; Great Malvern UK.