Printed and Flexible Electronics
For several years there have been many efforts to employ ink jet technologies in the fabrication of consumer electronics. The potential of displacing large and expensive pieces of electronic fabrication equipment and processes with seemingly appropriately scaled inexpensive alternatives is attractive. However, of course, the devil is in the details. Feature size, accuracy, registration, and materials all have several impacts on design rules, processing, performance, and the types of devices appropriate to the technology. Here we present a look at some of the materials and deposition challenges along with solutions developed at PARC.
This paper describes a particular high-performance CPV solution which compared to average flat-plate PV, uses 1/500th as much PV material and produces nearly twice as much electricity for a given collection area. The proposed solution is also smaller, cheaper, and easier to manufacture. These improvements enable generating electricity at less than half the cost possible with existing flat-plate technologies, potentially opening large new markets for clean solar energy.
PARC offers a proven co-extrusion printing technique, CoEx, that can enhance both the energy and power densities of batteries. A cost-effective way to manufacture structured electrodes, this technique can be applied to both cathodes and anodes for most mature battery chemistries.