For several years there have been many efforts to employ ink jet technologies in the fabrication of consumer electronics. The potential of displacing large and expensive pieces of electronic fabrication equipment and processes with seemingly appropriately scaled inexpensive alternatives is attractive. However, of course, the devil is in the details. Feature size, accuracy, registration, and materials all have several impacts on design rules, processing, performance, and the types of devices appropriate to the technology. Here we present a look at some of the materials and deposition challenges along with solutions developed at PARC.
The U.S. Army had achieved the ability to detect bioagents in lab fluids -- but doing so in dispersed water samples in the field involved greater challenges.