Chris Chua is a Principal Scientist at PARC. He leads world-renowned technical teams performing advanced applied research in photonics, electro-mechanical systems, and micro-fabrication. At PARC, Chris pioneered a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) architecture currently licensed and commercially deployed by leading laser manufacturers. He also invented a micro-fabricated on-chip inductor technology that produced world-record integrated circuit oscillator Q-factors. Chris holds over 100 US patents. He’s authored many scientific papers, including research on integrated microelectronics that won the Best Paper Award at the International Solid State Circuit Conference (ISSCC). Additionally, his research on hybrid electronics packaging received the Best Paper Award from the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). Dr. Chua holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University, a B.S. in Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from MIT.