A key problem in all name resolution protocols today is that no one protocol performs well across all network architectures. In addition, DNS, the most widespread solution today, depends on a static and connected network layer and cannot support dynamic wireless networks. We introduce FERN (Federated Extensible Resolution of Names), the first framework designed to enable efficient name resolution across heterogeneous name resolution systems operating in dynamic or static networks. FERN organizes nodes into name resolution groups and allows these groups to perform name resolution independently in different ways. FERN organizes these name resolution groups into a hierarchy and allows these groups to communicate efficiently, discover each others' presence, and resolve each others' names. We demonstrate the flexibility and interoperability of FERN by deploying and evaluating it across heterogeneous environments, including a MANET, an infrastructure-based wireless network, and the Internet. We show that FERN performs at least as well as DNS, and yet extends name resolution to networks in which DNS is inadequate.
Sevilla, S.; Mahadevan, P.; Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J. J. FERN: a unifying framework for name resolution across heterogeneous architectures. IFIP Networking 2013 Conference; 2013 May 22; New York, NY USA.