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PROFILE:

 

Ashwin Ram

Ashwin Ram is Area Manager & Chief Innovation Officer, Interactive Intelligence, leading a team to invent new technologies that make people smarter, particularly in consumer health and wellness. His research expertise includes artificial intelligence and cognitive science -- spanning natural language processing, case-based reasoning, machine learning, educational technology, social media, and AI applications. His latest project is Fittle, a mobile app that helps people adopt healthier lifestyles.

Ashwin brings to PARC a proven track record in driving research to successful commercialization. A serial entrepreneur, Ashwin specializes in technology innovation and business strategy. He has co-founded four startups: OpenStudy, the first large-scale open social learning network for students and educators; Enkia (acquired by Sentiment360), which developed AI software for social media applications; Cobot Health, a social network for healthcare information; and Ardext, which provided software for testing electronic components and systems. 

Prior to PARC, Ashwin was Director of Georgia Tech’s Cognitive Computing Lab and Associate Professor in the College of Computing. He has also been an Associate Professor of Cognitive Science, an Adjunct Professor in the School of Psychology, and an Adjunct Professor in Department of Math & Computer Science at Emory University.

Dr. Ram earned his Ph.D. from Yale University, M.S. in Computer Science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and B.Tech. in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, where he received the President of India's Gold Medal for valedictorians. He has over 100 research publications and is a co-editor of three books: Goal-Driven Learning; Understanding Language Understanding: Computational Models of Reading; and Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development

Ashwin is a closet anthropologist and loves travel, people, and culture.

 

PARC publications

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2012

Socio-semantic conversational information access

Proceedings of the 21st International Conference Companion on World Wide Web (WWW '12)

16 April 2012

2011

Case-based reasoning research and development

Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR) edited by Ashwin Ram and Nirmalie Wiratunga

September 2011

 

 

 

other publications

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2011

Robust and Authorable Multiplayer Storytelling Experiences

Mark Riedl; Boyang Li; Hua Ai; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Seventh AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment (AIIDE 2011); 2011 October 10-14; Stanford, California, USA.

October 2011

A Case Base Planning Approach for Dialogue Generation in Digital Movie Design

Sanjeet Hajarnis; Christina Leber; Hua Ai; Mark O. Riedl; Ashwin Ram. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development - Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2011); 2011 September 12-15; London, UK; 452-466.

September 2011

Learning Opponent Strategies through First Order Induction

Katie Long Genter; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference; 2011 May 18-20; Palm Beach, Florida USA.

May 2011

User-Generated AI for Interactive Digital Entertainment

Ashwin Ram. Eleventh Scandinavian Conference on Artificial Intelligence (SCAI 2011); 2011 May 24-26; Trondheim, Norway; 4.

May 2011

Open social learning communities

Ashwin Ram; Hua Ai; Preetha Ram; Saurav Sahay. Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS 2011); Sogndal, Norway; 2011 May 25-27; 2.

May 2011

Socio-Semantic Health Information Access

Saurav Sahay; Ashwin Ram. AI and Health Communication, Papers from the 2011 AAAI Spring Symposium, Technical Report SS-11-01; 2011 March 21-23; Stanford, California, USA.

March 2011

CBArch: A Case-Based Reasoning Framework for Conceptual Design of Commercial Buildings

Andres Cavieres; Urjit Bhatia; Preetam Joshi; Fei Zhao; Ashwin Ram. AAAI Spring Symposium: Artificial Intelligence and Sustainable Design.

2011

2010

Real-Time Case-Based Reasoning for Interactive Digital Entertainment

Ashwin Ram. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2010); Alessandria, Italy; 2010 July 19-22; 20.

July 2010

Using content analysis to investigate the research paths chosen by scientists over time

Chiara Franzoni; Christopher L. Simpkins; Baoli Li; Ashwin Ram. Scientometrics. 2010; 83 (1): 321-335.

2010

Drama Management and Player Modeling for Interactive Fiction Games

Manu Sharma; Santiago Ontañón; Manish Mehta; Ashwin Ram. Computational Intelligence. 2010; 26 (2): 183-211.

2010

On-Line Case-Based Planning

Santi Ontañón; Kinshuk Mishra; Neha Sugandh; Ashwin Ram. Computational Intelligence. 2010; 26 (1): 84-119.

2010

2009

Runtime Behavior Adaptation for Real-Time Interactive Games

M. Mehta & Ashwin Ram. IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games. 2009 September; 1 (3): 187,199.

2009

Using Meta-reasoning to Improve the Performance of Case-Based Planning

Manish Mehta; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2009); Seattle, WA, USA; 2009 July 20-23; 210-224.

July 2009

Goal-Driven Learning in the GILA Integrated Intelligence Architecture

Jainarayan Radhakrishnan; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 21st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2009); Pasadena, California, USA; 2009 July 11-17; 1205-1210.

July 2009

An Ensemble Learning and Problem Solving Architecture for Airspace Management

Xiaoqin Zhang; Sung Wook Yoon; Phillip DiBona; Darren Scott Appling; Li Ding; Janardhan Rao Doppa; Derek T. Green; Jinhong K. Guo; Ugur Kuter; Geoffrey Levine; Reid MacTavish; Daniel McFarlane; James Michaelis; Hala Mostafa; Santiago Ontañón; Charles Parker; Jainarayan Radhakrishnan; Antons Rebguns; Bhavesh Shrestha; Zhexuan Song; Ethan Trewhitt; Huzaifa Zafar; Chongjie Zhang; Daniel D. Corkill; Gerald DeJong; Thomas G. Dietterich; Subbarao Kambhampati; Victor R. Lesser; Deborah L. McGuinness; Ashwin Ram; Diana F. Spears; Prasad Tadepalli; Elizabeth T. Whitaker; Weng-Keen Wong; James A. Hendler; Martin O. Hofmann; Kenneth R. Whitebread. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence; 2009 July 14-16; Pasadena, California; USA.

July 2009

2008

Developing a Drama Management Architecture for Interactive Fiction Games

Santiago Ontañón; Abhishek Jain; Manish Mehta; Ashwin Ram. Interactive Storytelling, Proceedings of the First Joint International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling (ICIDS 2008); Erfurt, Germany; 2008 November 26-29;186-197.

November 2008

Stochastic Plan Optimization in Real-Time Strategy Games

Andrew Trusty; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Fourth Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment Conference; 2008 October 22-24; Stanford, California.

October 2008

An Intelligent IDE for Behavior Authoring in Real-Time Strategy Games

Suhas Virmani; Yatin Kanetkar; Manish Mehta; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Fourth Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment Conference; 2008 October 22-24; Stanford, California.

October 2008

Real-Time Plan Adaptation for Case-Based Planning in Real-Time Strategy Games

Neha Sugandh; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Advances in Case-Based Reasoning, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference (ECCBR 2008); Trier, Germany; 2008 September 1-4; 533-547.

September 2008

iReMedI- Intelligent Retrieval from Medical Information

Saurav Sahay; Bharat Ravisekar; Sundaresan Venkatasubramanian; Anushree Venkatesh; Priyanka Prabhu; Ashwin Ram. Advances in Case-Based Reasoning, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference (ECCBR 2008); Trier, Germany; 2008 September 1-4 2008; 487-502.

September 2008

Situation Assessment for Plan Retrieval in Real-Time Strategy Games

Kinshuk Mishra; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Advances in Case-Based Reasoning, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference (ECCBR 2008); Trier, Germany; 2008 September 1-4; 355-369.

September 2008

On-Line Case-Based Plan Adaptation for Real-Time Strategy Games

Neha Sugandh; Santiago Ontañón; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Twenty-Third AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2008); Chicago, Illinois; 2008 July 13-17; 702-707.

July 2008

Exploring question subjectivity prediction in community QA

Baoli Li; Yandong Liu; Ashwin Ram; Ernest V. Garcia; Eugene Agichtein. Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2008); Singapore; 2008 July 20-24; 735-736.

July 2008

Learning from Demonstration and Case-Based Planning for Real-Time Strategy Games

Santiago Ontañón; Kinshuk Mishra; Neha Sugandh; Ashwin Ram. Soft Computing Applications in Industry; 2008; 293-310.

2008

Discovering semantic biomedical relations utilizing the Web

Saurav Sahay; Sougata Mukherjea; Eugene Agichtein; Ernest V. Garcia; Shamkant B. Navathe; Ashwin Ram. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data. 2008; 2 (1).

2008

2007

Human Centric E-Learning and the Challenge of Cultural Localization

Albert N. Badre; Stefano Levialdi; Jim Foley; John Thomas; Carol Strohecker; Antonella De Angeli; Preetha Ram; Ashwin Ram; Jaime Sánchez. Human-Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2007 11th IFIP TC 13 International Conference Rio de Janeiro Brazil September 10-14 2007 Proceedings Part II; 690-691.

2007

Towards Runtime Behavior Adaptation for Embodied Characters

Peng Zang; Manish Mehta; Michael Mateas; Ashwin Ram. IJCAI 2007 Proceedings of the 20th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Hyderabad India January 6-12 2007; 1557-1562.

2007

Transfer Learning in Real-Time Strategy Games Using Hybrid CBR/RL

Manu Sharma; Michael P. Holmes; Juan Carlos Santamar\ \ia; Arya Irani; Charles Lee Isbell Jr.; Ashwin Ram. IJCAI 2007 Proceedings of the 20th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Hyderabad India January 6-12 2007; 1041-1046.

2007

Case-Based Planning and Execution for Real-Time Strategy Games

Santiago Ontañón; Kinshuk Mishra; Neha Sugandh; Ashwin Ram. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development 7th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning ICCBR 2007 Belfast Northern Ireland UK August 13-16 2007 Proceedings; 164-178.

2007

Domain Ontology Construction from Biomedical Text

Saurav Sahay; Baoli Li; Ernest V. Garcia; Eugene Agichtein; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 2007 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence ICAI 2007 Volume I June 25-28 2007 Las Vegas Nevada USA; 28-34.

2007

Towards Player Preference Modeling for Drama Management in Interactive Stories

Manu Sharma; Santiago Ontañón; Christina R. Strong; Manish Mehta; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference May 7-9 2007 Key West Florida USA; 571-576.

2007

Artificial Intelligence for Adaptive Computer Games

Ashwin Ram; Santiago Ontañón; Manish Mehta. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference May 7-9 2007 Key West Florida USA; 22-29.

2007

Adapting associative classification to text categorization

Baoli Li; Neha Sugandh; Ernest V. Garcia; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 2007 ACM Symposium on Document Engineering Winnipeg Manitoba Canada August 28-31 2007; 205-208.

2007

Emotionally Driven Natural Language Generation for Personality Rich Characters in Interactive Games

Christina R. Strong; Manish Mehta; Kinshuk Mishra; Alistair Jones; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Third Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment Conference June 6-8 2007 Stanford California USA; 98-100.

2007

2005

Text Mining Biomedical Literature for Discovering Gene-to-Gene Relationships: A Comparative Study of Algorithms

Ying Liu; Shamkant B. Navathe; Jorge Civera; Venu Dasigi; Ashwin Ram; Brian J. Ciliax; Ray Dingledine. IEEE/ACM Trans. Comput. Biology Bioinform.. 2005; 2 (1): 62-76.

2005

Asynchronous Reasoning and Learning in Real-Time AI Systems

Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 2nd Indian International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Pune India December 20-22 2005; 2.

2005

2004

Comparison of Two Schemes for Automatic Keyword Extraction from MEDLINE for Functional Gene Clustering

Ying Liu; Brian J. Ciliax; Karin Borges; Venu Dasigi; Ashwin Ram; Shamkant B. Navathe; Ray Dingledine. 3rd International IEEE Computer Society Computational Systems Bioinformatics Conference (CSB 2004) 16-19 August 2004 Stanford CA USA; 394-404.

2004

1999

Understanding language understanding: computational models of reading

Gordon T. Shippey; J. William Murdock; Ashwin Ram. Cambridge MA USA: MIT Press; 1999.

1999

Introspective Multistrategy Learning: On the Construction of Learning Strategies

Michael T. Cox; Ashwin Ram. Artif. Intell.. 1999; 112 (1-2): 1-55.

1999

PML: Adding Flexibility to Multimedia Presentations

Ashwin Ram; Richard Catrambone; Mark Guzdial; Colleen M. Kehoe; D. Scott McCrickard; John T. Stasko. IEEE MultiMedia. 1999; 6 (2): 40-52.

1999

1998

Experiments with reinforcement learning in problems with continuous state and action spaces

Santamar\ \ia Juan C.; Sutton Richard S.; Ram Ashwin. Adapt. Behav.. 1998 mar; 6 (2): 163--217.

1998

Pluto: Managing Multistrategy Learning through Planning

Gordon T. Shippey; J. William Murdock; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Tenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference AAAI 98 IAAI 98 July 26-30 1998 Madison Wisconsin USA; 1201.

1998

Needles in a Haystack: Plan Recognition in Large Spatial Domains Involving Multiple Agents

Mark Devaney; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Tenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference AAAI 98 IAAI 98 July 26-30 1998 Madison Wisconsin USA; 942-947.

1998

1997

Continuous Case-Based Reasoning

Ashwin Ram; Juan Carlos Santamar\ \ia. Artif. Intell.. 1997; 90 (1-2): 25-77.

1997

A Model of Invention

Marin Simina; Ashwin Ram; Janet L. Kolodner; Michael E. Gorman. Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Ninth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference AAAI 97 IAAI 97 July 27-31 1997 Providence Rhode Island; 846.

1997

Case-Based Planning to Learn

J. William Murdock; Gordon T. Shippey; Ashwin Ram. Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development Second International Conference ICCBR-97 Providence Rhode Island USA July 25-27 1997 Proceedings; 467-476.

1997

Continuous case-based reasoning

Ram A.; Santamari\ a J. C.. Artif. Intell.. 1997 feb; 90 (1-2): 25--77.

1997

Efficient Feature Selection in Conceptual Clustering

Mark Devaney; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML 1997) Nashville Tennessee USA July 8-12 1997; 92-97.

1997

Case-based reactive navigation: a method for on-line selection and adaptation of reactive robotic control parameters

Ashwin Ram; Ronald C. Arkin; Kenneth Moorman; Russell J. Clark. IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part B. 1997; 27 (3): 376-394.

1997

1996

Exploring interface options in multimedia educational environments

Shippey Gordon; Guzdial Mark; Ram Ashwin; Catrambone Richard; Albrecht Florian; Byrne Michael; Roberts Janis; Stasko John. Proceedings of the 1996 international conference on Learning sciences; International Society of the Learning Sciences; 496--501.

1996

1995

Understanding the Creative Mind: A Review of Margaret Boden s \it Creative Mind

Ashwin Ram; Linda M. Wills; Eric A. Domeshek; Nancy J. Nersessian; Janet L. Kolodner. Artif. Intell.. 1995; 79 (1): 111-128.

1995

Cognitive media types for multimedia information access

Recker Mimi M.; Ram Ashwin; Shikano Terry; Li George; Stasko John. J. Educ. Multimedia Hypermedia. 1995 jan; 4 (2-3): 183--210.

1995

Goal-Driven Learning

Recker Mimi M.; Ram Ashwin; Shikano Terry; Li George; Stasko John. Cambridge MA USA: MIT Press; 1995.

1995

Learning Goals and Learning Goals: A Perspective on Goal-Driven Learning

David B. Leake; Ashwin Ram. Artificial Intelligence Review. 1995; 9 (6): 387-422.

1995

Learning to Troubleshoot: Multistrategy Learning of Diagnostic Knowledge for a Real-World Problem-Solving Task

Ashwin Ram; S. Narayanan; Michael T. Cox. Cognitive Science. 1995; 19 (3): 289-340.

1995

A Comparitive Utility Analysis of Case-Based Reasoning and Control-Rule Learning Systems

Anthony G. Francis Jr.; Ashwin Ram. Machine Learning: ECML-95 8th European Conference on Machine Learning Heraclion Crete Greece April 25-27 1995 Proceedings; 138-150.

1995

1994

Using genetic algorithms to learn reactive control parameters for autonomous robotic navigation

Ram Ashwin; Arkin Ronald; Boone Gary; Pearce Michael. Adapt. Behav.. 1994 feb; 2 (3): 277--305.

1994

Interacting Learning-Goals: Treating Learning as a Planning Task

Michael T. Cox; Ashwin Ram. Advances in Case-Based Reasoning Second European Workshop EWCBR-94 Chantilly France November 7-10 1994 Selected Papers; 60-74.

1994

A Theory of Reading

Kenneth Moorman; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 12th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence Seattle WA USA July 31 - August 4 1994 Volume 2; 1478.

1994

Dynamically Adjusting Categories to Accommodate Changing Contexts

Mark Devaney; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 12th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence Seattle WA USA July 31 - August 4 1994 Volume 2; 1441.

1994

A Model of Creative Understanding

Kenneth Moorman; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 12th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence Seattle WA USA July 31 - August 4 1994 Volume 1; 74-79.

1994

1993

Integrated Learning Architectures

Enric Plaza; Agnar Aamodt; Ashwin Ram; Walter Van de Velde; Maarten van Someren. Machine Learning: ECML-93 European Conference on Machine Learning Vienna Austria April 5-7 1993 Proceedings; 429-441.

1993

Multistrategy Learning in a Reactive Control Systems for Autonomous Robotic Navigation

Ashwin Ram; Juan Carlos. Informatica (Slovenia). 1993; 17 (4)

1993

Goal-Driven Learning: Fundamental Issues: A Symposium Report

David B. Leake; Ashwin Ram. AI Magazine. 1993; 14 (4): 67-72.

1993

1992

Natural Language Understanding for Information-Filtering Systems

Ashwin Ram. Communications of the ACM. 1992; 35 (12): 80-81.

1992

Multistrategy Learning with Introspective Meta-Explanations

Michael T. Cox; Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop on Machine Learning (ML 1992) Aberdeen Scotland UK July 1-3 1992; 123-128.

1992

The use of explicit goals for knowledge to guide inference and learning

Ashwin Ram; Lawrence Hunter. Appl. Intell.. 1992; 2 (1): 47-73.

1992

1991

Basic Artificial Intelligence Research at the Georgia Institute of Technology

Ashok K. Goel; Ronald C. Arkin; Kurt P. Eiselt; Janet L. Kolodner; Daryl T. Lawton; Ashwin Ram. AI Magazine. 1991; 12 (2): 17-32.

1991

A Goal-Based Approach to Intelligent Information Retrieval

Ashwin Ram; Lawrence Hunter. Proceedings of the Eighth International Workshop (ML91) Northwestern University Evanston Illinois USA; 1991; 265-269.

1991

1990

Incremental Learning of Explanation Patterns and Their Indices

Ashwin Ram. Machine Learning Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Machine Learning Austin Texas USA June 21-23 1990; 313-320.

1990

1987

AQUA: Asking Questions and Understanding Answers

Ashwin Ram. Proceedings of the 6th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Seattle WA July 1987; 312-316.

1987

1985

Parallel Garbage Collection Without Synchronization Overhead

Ashwin Ram; Janak H. Patel. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Symposium on Computer Architecture Boston MA USA June 1985; 84-90.

1985

 

 

 

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