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PARC building cleantech portfolio; co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes and carbon-neutral renewable liquid fuels from atmospheric CO2
9 March 2011 | Green Car Congress
by Mike Millikin
"Two of the projects Elrod and PARC were discussing at last week’s ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit in Washington DC were a technology for the co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes, enabling higher energy and/or power densities; and an approach to producing carbon-neutral renewable hydrocarbon fuels using air, water and CO2 captured from the atmosphere.
Electrodes. ...The PARC technology provides a directed-assembly printing method for producing a greater proportion of this 'three-phase boundary' than conventional electrode manufacturing methods—up to 10x the air-breathing surface area of conventional electrodes...
Carbon-neutral liquid fuel. ...In a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science, the PARC researchers present results indicating that the energy consumption required to regenerate CO2 gas from aqueous bicarbonate (carbonate) solutions using this method can be as low as 100 kJ (200 kJ) per mol of CO2 in the small-current-density limit."
IEEE Computer Society Names Technical Achievement Winners
Five technologists who have made outstanding and innovative contributions to the fields of computer and information science and engineering or computer technology will be recipients of 2011 IEEE Computer Society Technical Achievement Awards.
8 March 2011 | IEEE Computer Society
"Garcia-Luna-Aceves received a BS in electrical engineering from the Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City in 1977, and an MS and PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1980 and 1983, respectively. He holds the Jack Baskin Endowed Chair of Computer Engineering at the University of California, Santa Cruz, is chair of the Computer Engineering Department, and is a principal scientist at the Palo Alto Research Center. Prior to joining UCSC, he was a center director at SRI International. He has been a visiting professor at Sun Laboratories and a principal of protocol design at Nokia. His research focuses on computer communication. Garcia-Luna-Aceves is a Fellow of IEEE, AAAS, and ACM. He holds 35 US patents, has published three books, and more than 400 journal and conference papers, and has supervised more than 30 PhD dissertations."
The essence of the 'Net: a history of the protocols that hold the network together
7 March 2011 | Ars Technica
by Johnny Ryan
"As a later PARC memo on the specifications of the PUP [PARC Universal Packet] noted:
Pup communication is end-to-end at the packet level. The inter-network is required only to be able to transport independently addressed Pups from source to destination. Use of higher levels of protocol is entirely the responsibility of the communicating end processes.
This moved control over the operation of the network from the connecting infrastructure to the actual devices participating in the network themselves. This was a centrifugal approach, and it suited the requirements of the network of networks that ARPA had in mind."
PARC's plan to stop the Internet from crashing [video]
7 March 2011 | ZDNet
"'Content distribution has reached a scale that simply doesn't work,' says Van Jacobson. The scientist and research fellow at Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center talks to ZDNet's Sumi Das about Content-Centric Networking (CCN) a new technology he's developed that could make content distribution on the Net more efficient."
Why the U.S. Must Promote Engineering
America will suffer in global competition without reengineering its attitudes toward engineering...
2 March 2011 | Bloomberg BusinessWeek
"The PARC Hydrodynamic Separation technology is a low-cost, energy efficient technology whose potential applications include municipal water treatment and pretreating seawater for desalination. Given how critical the shortage of drinkable water is all over the world, this is an exciting breakthrough."
On the importance of government-supported R&D [video]
2 March 2011 | Popular Mechanics/ self
by Michael Belfiore
"I caught up with Scott Elrod...while we were both at the 2nd annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit near Washington.
In this era of government cutbacks, I think it’s important to underline the importance of continued public funding for long-term technology research and development that may not lead to profitable products for some time.
In this video, I asked Elrod to describe the importance of government funding to some of his company’s work."
A new printing technology
2 March 2011 | Investor's Business Daily
"A new printing technology that can produce more efficient electrodes for batteries has been developed by engineers at PARC. The electrodes could improve the energy storage capacity of batteries by 10% to 30%, with minimal effect on manufacturing cost, they say. The printing technology specially aligns electrode and conductive materials."
Squeezing More Energy Out of Batteries
A new printing process could increase battery capacity by over 10 percent.
2 March 2011 | Technology Review
"PARC has developed a new printing technology that promises to pack more energy into batteries for electric vehicles...
The biggest challenge for electric vehicles remains bringing down the size and cost of their batteries. For them to compete with conventional vehicles, some experts estimate, battery costs must come down by about 75 percent. And if the batteries could store more energy, automakers could use fewer of them, thus saving money...
The work is still at an early stage, but the basic printing concept has been proved with a method PARC developed for printing thin silver lines on solar cells; these are being commercialized by a major solar manufacturer..."
How We Waste Time on Email
28 February 2011 | Private Equity Hub
by Joanna Glasner
"The inbox, used appropriately, can be one of the most successful productivity tools of all time. For most of us, however, it ends up being a huge time sink.
That was one of the findings of Victoria Bellotti of PARC, who combines backgrounds in psychology and human-computer interaction to study how people are actually using (and misusing) the digital technologies that are supposed to make their lives easier. Bellotti, who spoke at last week’s Inbox Love conference in Silicon Valley, says that in the case of email, certain practices are particularly unproductive...
Overall, Bellotti says, startups and enterprises could do a lot to improve the email experience. Particularly useful would be tools to make it easier to determine which bits of information are important, and once having determined that, to be able to find them.
'I would love to see email turned into a knowledge worker’s dashboard,” she says. “It should be integrated with SMS and voicemail and social networking… and your system should have the capability to recommend these things that might be a priority.'"
Inbox love and hate mail
26 February 2011 | Financial Times
by Chris Nuttall
"I’m not sure whether it should be love or hate...
All of the speakers were against the notion that email was a dying technology, next to more social and instant interactions such as Facebook and instant messaging...
Victoria Bellotti of Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) said its researchers had studied the inbox as a habitat and found that it was doing a lot of things it wasn’t designed for – to-do lists, project tracking, document archiving and batch processing.
It was a Grand Central Station for knowledge work, where people were still doing most of their communication. Overload was a real problem, where people could be handling 30 different threads of conversations at the same time as well as their regular work."
Departing PARC CEO looks back wistfully on blue skies of the past
23 February 2011 | Ars Technica
by John Timmer
"PARC, which started out as Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, is rightly famous for its role in the development of far-reaching technology like Ethernet, the laser printer, and the graphical user interface. But, as with some of the great industrial labs of an earlier era, PARC has slipped out of the public view, even as it was spun out from Xerox as an independent entity. But PARC is still around, and recently celebrated its 40th birthday. We had the chance to chat with its CEO, Mark Bernstein, shortly before he announced his departure. Bernstein described how PARC has evolved over the years, and talked a bit about the end of the blue sky research labs that US companies used to support...
He ended on a note of optimism, focusing on the efforts of Energy Secretary Steven Chu (formerly the head of the nearby Lawrence Berkeley Labs) to direct these labs and the Department's stimulus money into technology development, including blue-sky work funded by an advanced projects (ARPA-E) group. 'I'd like to see what happened in 2009—that the government rethinks... how scientific funding is allocated,' Bernstein said, 'and they look more towards what the Obama administration seems to be focused on, to invest in the potential collaboration between academia, industry, and the government to build new industries, to create jobs.'"
Managing Research as an Investment Portfolio: Lessons from PARC
[invited/ guest contributed]
16 February 2011 | Xconomy SF
by Lawrence Lee
As part of its transformation from an internal research center to a commercial business, PARC has needed to innovate its business practices, as well as its research and technology. How do we balance the seemingly conflicting goals of long-term research vs. short-term profits, of creating breakthrough innovations vs. providing client services, of diversifying research into many markets vs. developing critical mass in just a few?
Fantastic Plastic, Part 3: Polymemories
The search is on for inexpensive alternatives to increasingly complex and costly silicon-based memory systems...simple device structures, ease of fabrication, compatibility with flexible substrates and comparative low cost.
10 February 2011 | TechNewsWorld
by Ned Madden
"The time for PMDs might finally be at hand ... even if the first application is the humble radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags used in retail store product tracking and toll-road electronic collection systems.
As silicon technologies plunge ever deeper into nano-scale dimensions, pushing microchip densities to the level of the atom, business is looking for inexpensive alternatives to ever-more complex and costly silicon-based memory systems -- the collection of microchips that determines the size and number of programs that a computer can run simultaneously, as well as the amount of data that can be instantly processed.
...But it's Thinfilm, which has 15 years of experience in the field of non-volatile memories using functional polymers, that seems to be everywhere, working with just about everyone else in the polymer memory field.
...Researchers at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) have been developing a suite of materials for making printed electronics, including sensors and transistors. PARC works with Thinfilm to make higher-capacity printed memory devices that incorporate the research center's printed transistors."
Finding inbox meaning in a time of overload
Email is a habitat: the place where many knowledge workers spend most of their working day online. [invited/ guest contributed]
4 February 2011 | Inbox Love blog
by Victoria Bellotti
"Email is, for many knowledge workers, a habitat: the place where they spend most of their working day online. Indeed it can be thought of as knowledge work’s Grand Central Station as far as information distribution and workflow are concerned...When taking prototypes to the real world as products, the main challenge for new technology adoption in this area is that people tend to stick with the email client they have, despite its shortcomings. This could be due to factors such as employer policy, dependency on legacy content, or fear of upheaval in mission-critical aspects of work. And makers of the dominant mail clients do not seem to be highly motivated to overhaul the email user’s experience."
Trends in Mobile Authentication and Fraud Deterrence with PayPal and PARC [podcast]
RSA 2011 Conference
25 January 2011 | ITAC Blog
"an exclusive 'Countdown to RSA 2011' Podcast Series hosted by the Identity Theft Assistance Center with Richard Chow, Research Scientist at PARC and Markus Jakobsson, Technology Strategist for Customer Security and Malware at PayPal. Both of these gentlemen are participating in an RSA panel called 'Trends in Mobile Authentication and Fraud Deterrence'"
World's first printed rewritable memory array with logic circuitry
Thin Film Electronics with PARC have completed the design of a 128-bit addressable memory. The design combines Thinfilm's memory with transistor technology developed by PARC, and includes CMOS circuitry to significantly contact pads.
21 January 2011 | EE Times Europe
by Julien Happich
"Thinfilm and PARC announced in October that they are working to provide next-generation memory tags using printed electronics, and is now developing prototypes of the addressable memory. These prototypes will be ready later this year. Transfer to production is expected in 2012."
Thinfilm Addressable Memory Design Completed
19 January 2011 | Printed Electronics World
"The design of the world's first printed rewritable memory array with logic circuitry is ready... The design combines Thinfilm's memory technology with transistor technology developed by PARC, and includes CMOS circuitry to significantly reduce the number of contact pads necessary to control the Thinfilm Memory."
Online games reveal players' personalities – to who?
19 January 2011 | New Scientist
by Jim Giles
"Websites that track your buying and browsing habits can seem to read your mind - but you ain't seen nothing yet. Future sites may attempt to gauge your personality, and tailor what they show you accordingly.
That's the possibility raised by a new study of computer gamers, which has revealed that a player's behaviour within the game mimics their real-world character traits. Using similar information from the internet as a whole, it might one day be possible to profile a web surfer's personality.
Most sites currently present the same content and layout to everyone who visits...
Nick Yee and colleagues at PARC in California reckoned this personalisation could be made far more sophisticated if websites could assess visitors' personalities. He also had a hunch that the real-world traits that define an individual's personality could be gleaned from their online behaviour...
Yee's hunch proved correct."
Only 66% Use Twitter Profile Location Field as Intended, Says PARC Research Study
19 January 2011 | ReadWriteWeb
by Sarah Perez
"What this means, of course, is that research studies that simply enter a Twitter dataset into a geocoder will have corrupted results."
There’s a One in 200 Chance You’re Tweeting From Inside Justin Bieber
19 January 2011 | AllThingsD
by Peter Kafka
"Big picture: The PARC report explains convincingly that you shouldn’t take the self-reported geographic information in Twitter profiles at face value. And, I’d argue, that extends to the rest of the information as well. On the other hand, if you’re an advertiser trying to find a lot of Justin Bieber fans, this stuff may be very, very useful."
The promise and perils of crowdsourcing content
13 January 2011 | The Economist
"Wikipedia’s leaders say this reflects the fact that the large majority of subjects have now been written about. Perhaps, but some evidence suggests that neophytes are being put off by Wikipedia’s clique of elite editors. One study by researchers at PARC looked at the number of times editorial changes were subsequently reversed. It found that roughly a quarter of the edits posted by occasional contributors were undone in late 2008, compared with less than 2% of those posted by the most active editors. And it noted that this gap had widened considerably over time."
PARC names new CEO
12 January 2011 | EE Times
by Mark LaPedus
"PARC is involved in several R&D projects.
In September, PARC announced it was one of four project teams chosen by NSF to pursue ways to build a ''more trustworthy and robust Internet.''
...In November, PARC and PowerCloud Systems Inc. announced the spinout of PowerCloud Systems, which has been incubated at PARC since early 2008 and is initially focusing on offering cloud-managed networking solutions for small and medium-sized businesses.
...Also in November, PARC and Soligie Inc. announced an agreement aimed at advancing the commercialization of printed electronics technologies and capabilities. In September, Thin Film Electronics ASA, a provider of advanced printed memory technology, and PARC announced that they are working together to provide next-generation memory technology enabled through printed electronics."
Steve Hoover appointed CEO of PARC
11 January 2011 | San Francisco Business Times
by Patrick Hoge
"PARC, which has been in operation for four decades, was spun out as a wholly owned Xerox subsidiary in 2002."
PARC names Steve Hoover as new chief executive
Famous research centre gets new head
11 January 2011 | V3.co.uk/ vnunet
by Shaun Nichols
"The transition will provide a new leader for a research centre that has been a legend in the technology world for four decades."
PARC Names Veteran Xerox Executive as New CEO
11 January 2011 | eWeek
by Chris Preimesberger
"Hoover's new position is going to entail as much sales and marketing responsibility as research, due to PARC's longtime entrepreneurial approach. PARC has served as an IT incubator of sorts for a number of different startups in the green IT, Web development, IT infrastructure and network communications businesses."
Silicon Valley R&D legend gets new CEO
11 January 2011 | VentureBeat
by Dean Takahashi
"Few places in Silicon Valley are as legendary as the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, where fundamental computing inventions from the mouse to the personal computer were first conceived.
That’s why it marks a new era whenever PARC gets a new chief. Today, Xerox is announcing that Steve Hoover will become the new CEO of Xerox PARC, replacing retiring chief Mark Bernstein. Under Bernstein, PARC endeavored to make its inventions into commercial successes. It became an independent subsidiary in 2002 and has actively licensed its technologies to outside companies. The job carries a lot of responsibility, since PARC is one of America’s biggest national treasures.
…PARC needs both R&D vision and business acumen these days as it has to earn its keep."
Bernstein’s Retirement Brings Changing of the Guard at PARC; Q&A with Incoming CEO Steve Hoover
11 January 2011 | Xconomy San Francisco
by Wade Roush
"Hoover...will be only the second person to lead PARC since its transformation from Xerox’s flagship research laboratory into a contract R&D organization earlier this decade.
...But the 170-member lab does serve numerous outside customers, from big tech companies like Fujitsu, Motorola, NEC, and Samsung to government agencies such as the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. In 2009, about 40 percent of PARC’s $60 million in revenues came from customers other than Xerox, and the organization also incubates its own spinoffs, such as Powerset, a semantic search company bought by Microsoft in 2008 for more than $100 million."
Steve Hoover named CEO at Xerox PARC
11 January 2011 | Silicon Valley Business Journal
"The reins are being passed at the Palo Alto Research Center, the legendary Xerox Corp. R&D center where the computer mouse, ethernet, laser printer and the PC were born.
Steve Hoover is taking over from the retiring CEO Mark Bernstein...Bernstein led efforts at PARC to turn its inventions into commercial successes, making the R&D center an independent subsidiary in 2002 and licensing its technologies to outside companies."
PARC names new CEO
11 January 2011 | ZDNet & SmartPlanet
by Larry Dignan
"Hoover takes over Feb. 1. In a statement, Hoover said he will continue PARC’s 'open environment where employees, technology visions, and business success can flourish globally.'"
Assessing Wikipedia, Wiki-Style, on Its 10th Anniversary
How the online "temple of the mind" became the go-to site for looking stuff up: A drama told in the open-source style of Wikipedia
6 January 2011 | BusinessWeek
by Drake Bennett
"The worry for some who have followed the encyclopedia over its first decade is that as the site matures, it will have a harder time attracting and retaining the volunteers who make it work. A research team led by the computer scientist Ed H. Chi at PARC has found that Wikipedia's growth, whether measured in entries, edits, volunteers, or even bytes, has been falling off for a few years."
Sensor robots to aid military in recon missions [video]
3 January 2011 | SmartPlanet
"PARC...developing robots to help soldiers in urban combat and civilians on rescue missions. The sensor robots are equipped with infrared bump and odometry sensors, which make it possible for the robots to create digital maps of any rooms they enter."
The WoW Factor: How much do you know about the players behind the avatars?
22 December 2010 | WoW Insider
by Lisa Poisso
"How much do you think you know about your fellow WoW gamers? WoW Insider brings you this exclusive quiz designed by MMORPG researcher Nick Yee, based on actual U.S. data from the PARC PlayOn 2.0 study linking player survey data with their armory data."
PowerCloud’s Network-as-a-Service Offering Leverages Other Vendors’ Channels
17 December 2010 | Presti Research & Consulting
"A newly-emerging startup, based at PARC, is giving the industry new ways to look at networking, cloud computing, and even the channel strategies that would drive its services into the market.
PowerCloud Systems, which is backed by Javelin Venture Partners and Walden Venture Capital, is offering the deployment and management of secure networks, leveraging the rapidly evolving 'as-a-service' business model to establish lower costs and ease of use. The current iteration is based on 802.11n wireless technology, and features an impressive level of self-configuration."
LEDs on Ostendo/TDI’s semi-polar GaN 2.5x brighter than c-plane LEDs
16 December 2010 | Semiconductor Today
"Ostendo Technologies Inc of Carlsbad, CA, USA (which develops solid-state lighting-based display technologies and products for commercial and consumer markets) and Technologies and Devices International Inc (TDI, part of the UK’s Oxford Instruments Group) say that LED structures grown on their semi-polar (11-22) gallium nitride wafers have resulted in more than 2.5x the emission intensity of c-plane GaN-based LED structures...
In 2008, Ostendo and TDI entered into an Information Exchange Agreement with PARC to make semi-polar GaN wafers available on which PARC could grow LED and laser diode structures, and to independently validate and report the results achieved."
What social networks reveal about interaction
Business can benefit by observing the evolution and maintenance of information on the web
10 December 2010 | The Irish Times
by Karlin Lillington
"To some, online social networks and sites of huge group interaction like the Wikipedia encyclopedia, microblogging site Twitter and information tagging communities like Delicious.com may seem like just a bit of fun for people with a lot of time on their hands.
But a research team at PARC in Silicon Valley, where much of modern computing was invented in the 1970s – thinks these social network systems reveal insights valuable to businesses and organisations about how groups can efficiently analyse, filter and use information, harnessing the 'wisdom of the crowd'."
Stretchable Silicon Could Make Sports Apparel Smarter
...wearable electronics to monitor athletic performance.
9 December 2010 | Technology Review
by Katherine Bourzac
"Working with organic materials, researchers at Xerox's PARC have made printed sensor tape for the U.S. military that's mounted inside helmets to record blast strength, temperature, and other data, and includes transistors to process the data."
...retool workings of Net
6 December 2010 | Arizona Daily Star
by Victoria Blute
"'The Internet was built in the early '70s, and the fundamental architecture hasn't changed much,' Zhang said. 'However, almost everything else has changed. The applications have changed. We use the Internet for online banking, Facebook and YouTube. It's totally different.' Scientists have tried to make small improvements in the past, but this is the first time a large group has come together with this consensus, Zhang said.
Project manager James Thornton, who works at PARC, said this is the first model that considers memory and storage as part of how the Internet works...Thornton said PARC already has produced initial open-source software, but the final product will be expanded from that base."
Beyond Passwords: PARC Spin-Off Introduces Individual Device Authorization
3 December 2010 | ReadWriteWeb
by Klint Finley
"We all know the problems inherent in passwords. Make your password requirements too simple, and passwords can be too easily cracked. Make them too difficult, and users will write their passwords down next to their computers. Not to mention users using the same password for everything. PowerCloud, a startup spun-off of Xerox's noted Palo Alto Research Center, is pushing what it calls 'usable security' - an approach to making reality converge with security. Its first project is a partnership with D-Link to improve wireless networking security."
PARC Readies Printed Electronics for Market
Early 2011 will see printed memory devices in toys and printed sensors in packages used to ship drugs.
3 December 2010 | Technology Review
by Katherine Bourzac
"Inexpensive printed sensors, transistors, and memory devices that aren't as speedy or as high-capacity as silicon devices could enable the widespread use of sensors in places that aren't cost-effective today. Disposable devices could monitor and store information about the temperature of drugs, the safety of food during shipping, or air quality.
Researchers at the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), which is owned by Xerox, have been developing a suite of materials for making printed electronics, including sensors and transistors. This week at the Printed Electronics USA conference in Santa Clara, California, PARC announced details about two partnerships to develop products based on its research prototypes."
PowerCloud Systems Spins Out Of PARC, Gets More Backers
30 November 2010 | TechCrunch
by Robin Wauters
"PARC is spinning out PowerCloud Systems, the cloud-managed networking solutions provider that it has incubated through the Startup@PARC program since early 2008. PowerCloud has also gained more backing, with Walden Venture Capital and Javelin Venture Partners joining the line-up.
PowerCloud offers cloud-based technology for OEM vendors that is designed to make business networking devices easier to deploy, secure, and manage. The company builds on intellectual property developed at PARC, including two exclusive and eight shared patents in areas ranging from cloud-virtualized network controllers to 'usable security.'"
Churchill Club: PARC at 40 and the business, innovation intersection [podcast]
Between the Lines
26 November 2010 | ZDNet
by Larry Dignan
"In this latest installment of the Churchill Club podcast series, a panel talks about 40 years of the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) and innovation lessons. Over the past 40 years, PARC has made a profound impact on innovation in the Valley and beyond. The birthplace of the GUI and the Ethernet, today the halls of PARC are walked by scientists making breakthroughs in clean tech, the newest phase of networking, and other commercially impactful products. As we look forward to the next 40 years, what has changed in innovation? Have we—and even can we—learn from our past? Can business and innovation co-exist? And what is next?"
Want to Test Next-Gen Network Architecture that May Save Mobile Networks? Get an Android
24 November 2010 | ReadWriteWeb
by Sarah Perez
"Have you heard of CCN? CCN is an open-source implementation of 'content-centric networking' or more commonly 'named data networking.' It's a technology being actively developed by PARC, formerly Xerox PARC, the birthplace of computing mainstays like the PC, Ethernet, laser printing and the graphical user interface. So what's CCN? It's an alternative idea about how computer networking should work - and it could very well one day be the future of Internet communications, most importantly, mobile networks...
CCN could one day roll out alongside or on top of IP - it wouldn't have to be a case of either/or. For use on the Internet, all that's needed is its integration into the routers and networking equipment that move data packets across the net. That's no small thing, however. CCN is likely years and years away from real-world use. But clients testing PARC's software solution, the open source technology hosted at CCNX.org, are just 18 months to 2 years from using it commercially."
PARC scientist built a machine that purifies water through movement [video]
23 November 2010 | SmartPlanet
by Boonsri Dickinson
"I went with the SmartPlanet video crew to PARC to visit Lean’s cluttered laboratory to see the water inventor in his element and to see exactly how the device worked...
...There’s a real market for a machine like this."
Meltdown ahoy!: Net king returns to save the interwebs
Cometh the hour. Cometh the Van. Again
22 November 2010 | The Register
by Gavin Clarke
"When you need to save the internet, who ya gonna call? Van Jacobson.
...More than twenty years on, the internet is on the cusp of yet another congestion and scale crisis, thanks to an explosion of content on sites such as Facebook and YouTube, and the proliferation of devices used for accessing and downloading that material: smart phones, tablets, and netbooks. Service providers are worried.
...Jacobson is now proposing a fundamental shake-up to the way the internet is architected, to solve not just the scale problem but also to put privacy and disclosure in the hands of users.
...Jacobson and his PARC team have produced early protocol specifications released under an open source implementation called CCNx, used in NDN. Separately, PARC is talking to network, consumer, and cellular service providers about using the technology in the near term."
Speculation on networking alternatives
16 November 2010 | SearchSOA
"It is appropriate from time to time to step back and look at what the more far-out thinkers are speculating on. The revolutions which took us from dial-up time sharing and BBSs to the present internet took some imaginative jumps by people who were 'far-out' at the time...Several approaches to large scale content-centric networking have been proposed. Right now, Project CCNx, a PARC sponsored open-source project seems to be the most active. PARC Research Fellow Van Jacobson is the visionary behind this research... Content-centric networking hearkens back to Ted Nelson's attempt to let the user ignore the details of how content is located. Jacobson points out that the move from the telephony model of dial-up to the packet switching model of the Internet required a big increase in network intelligence to support DNS lookup and packet addressing. Moving to CCNx will also take a huge increase in network computing power but this is clearly already happening, for example with 'cloud' computing."
Why Software is More Important Than Sensors in the Internet of Things
9 November 2010 | ReadWriteWeb
by Richard MacManus
"As the Internet of Things slowly becomes a commercial reality, led by industries such as food and logistics, the underlying technologies (RFID, sensors, QR codes and more) become less important than what is done with the data. As Bo Begole, Principal Scientist and Manager of Ubiquitous Computing at PARC, put it to me recently: 'the algorithms are more interesting now than the sensors.'
Begole's group at PARC (Palo Alto Research Center, a subsidiary of Xerox) puts more emphasis nowadays on technologies such as predictive analytics, context engines and 'Behavioral Ware'. It's much more about the software, than the sensors."
PARC talks innovation, Steve Jobs and Xerox
Between the Lines
8 November 2010 | ZDNet
by Larry Dignan
"The Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) has a storied history and is responsible for much of the computing technology we take for granted. Today, PARC has a more refined mission as a wholly-owned yet independent subsidiary of Xerox. We caught up with PARC CEO Mark Bernstein to talk shop and innovation. Bernstein has led PARC since 2001. The conversation was spurred by a question raised by Marvell co-founder Weili Dai, who argued that the U.S. needs a new Bell Labs. What follows is a recap of my conversation with Bernstein with a bit of color commentary..."
Magitti: The Future of Location Apps From PARC?
8 November 2010 | ReadWriteWeb
by Richard MacManus
"Begole showed me an app that brings the concept of 'ubicomp' to a commercial reality. Magitti is a next generation location-based mobile app, currently in commercial trials in Japan. It goes further than popular apps like Foursquare and Gowalla. As well as using GPS data to figure out where you are, Magitti computes a user's preferences and context. It then makes recommendations of near-by places to go, based on that personal data. Location has been one of the biggest trends in 2010 and Magitti is one probable future of such apps, so let's check it out...
Magitti is currently in trials in Japan, one of the most advanced Mobile Web nations on earth."
PARC CEO: Past, present, and future [video]
5 November 2010 | SmartPlanet
by Larry Dignan
"SmartPlanet's Larry Dignan talks with Palo Alto Research Center CEO Mark Bernstein about the research lab's rich history, its current business model as a subsidiary of Xerox, and new areas of focus, including clean tech, concentric networking, and contextual information delivery."
PARC to submit Content-Centric Networking code to Android
Between the Lines
3 November 2010 | ZDNet
by Larry Dignan
"Palo Alto Research Center, best known as PARC, will submit some of its Content-Centric Networking code to Android. In an interview, PARC CEO Mark Bernstein said that Content-Centric Networking (CCN) is one of the research group’s big bets...
Samsung and PARC are already teaming up on next-gen content distribution, networking and communications technologies on mobile platforms. Now PARC is upping the ante a bit with a contribution to the Android project. The CCN project is worth checking out. Here’s a presentation on the topic..."
VCs and Solar Startups
Is there still room for new technology and VC investment in the solar industry?
3 November 2010 | Greentech Media
by Eric Wesoff
"The solar market continues its meteoric growth. No other renewable energy market has grown this fast for this long. A number of solar vendors have entered the 'one gigawatt capacity club' and the sheer heat in the market has convinced a bunch of Fortune 500 firms to enter the field. Along with this growth, however, has come falling ASPs, excess capacity and intensified competition. Solar panels produce electrons and electrons are arguably a commodity product. That makes solar panels look like commodities, as well. Is there still for room for next-generation technology and new companies in the solar field? Are there still opportunities for solar startups and their VC investors? The Fountainblue organization put on an event at Palo Alto's PARC with solar investors and entrepreneurs and tried to answer those questions.
The panelists: Scott Elrod, VP, Director of Hardware Systems Laboratory, PARC. Elrod believes that the current crop of U.S. concentrated solar power (CSP) projects are going to run into "regulatory roadblocks" and has concerns over their water usage..."
Shooting for the Sun
1 November 2010 | The Atlantic
by Logan Ward
"In the winter of 2008, Johnson received a promising call from Karl Littau, a materials scientist with the Palo Alto Research Center (known as PARC), a subsidiary of Xerox. PARC, which gave the world the laser printer, Ethernet, and many other groundbreaking technologies, had expanded into alternative-energy research, and this had led Littau to the JTEC [Johnson Thermoelectric Energy Converter]. Like Paul Werbos, Littau initially feared that the device sounded too good to be true, but he and several other PARC scientists set up elaborate three-dimensional computer models to analyze fluidics and heat-flow behavior in the JTEC under various conditions, and they came away from those experiments, he says, 'really impressed.'...When I spoke to Littau, he ticked off the potential advantages of the JTEC over typical heat engines...All of these advantages mean longer-lasting performance and potentially higher energy-conversion efficiencies."
PARC applies IT innovation to cleantech problems
21 October 2010 | ZDNet
by Heather Clancy
"Much has been made about the 40th anniversary of PARC, which started life as the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. What you might not have heard is that approximately 10 percent of the research facility’s research and development activities are now focused on cleantech innovation. I recently spoke with Scott Elrod, a PARC vice president and who is manager of what PARC calls its Cleantech Innovation Program (CIP).
Elrod says there are four primary areas where PARC has a role to play in cleantech: Energy efficiency, water purification, solar energy and carbon emissions capture. 'We created this with no background in those markets but in strong competency areas that we thought could be applied to cleantech,' he says.
Not surprisingly, the facility’s roots in LCD and printer research — PARC has more than 1,800 patents — have been called upon for at least one of these research areas, water purification..."
Gartner Identifies the Top 10 Strategic Technologies for 2011
19 October 2010 | MarketWatch
"Gartner defines a strategic technology as one with the potential for significant impact on the enterprise in the next three years. Factors that denote significant impact include a high potential for disruption to IT or the business, the need for a major dollar investment, or the risk of being late to adopt. A strategic technology may be an existing technology that has matured and/or become suitable for a wider range of uses. It may also be an emerging technology that offers an opportunity for strategic business advantage for early adopters or with potential for significant market disruption in the next five years. As such, these technologies impact the organization's long-term plans, programs and initiatives...The top 10 strategic technologies for 2011 include:
...Ubiquitous Computing. The work of Mark Weiser and other researchers at Xerox's PARC paints a picture of the coming third wave of computing where computers are invisibly embedded into the world."
Continuum computing: I want the right thing, everywhere
500 words into the future
16 October 2010 | ZDNet UK
by Simon Bisson and Mary Branscombe
"I'm going to be demanding. Software - or rather tools and experiences - have to work wherever I am, on whatever device I'm using, with the appropriate interface and tools and context for whatever device and input I'm using. It just makes sense...
The idea of things you do over a period of time, on different devices, at your own convenience is something we've been thinking about since the Web got useful in the 90s. Ubiquitous and context-sensitive computing has been a research area for decades; check out the Xerox PARC ideas about pads, tabs and walls for a sense that the technology is finally catching up with some of the vision - but having the hardware isn't enough, until we have the processes and tools and apps and services to deliver it as well.
We recently spent a month at different conferences and promisingly, that was one of the themes of just about all of them..."
Supplying Less, Revealing More
Will automatic filters help people deal with information overload?
15 October 2010 | Technology Review
by Erica Naone
"Social Lens is far from the only such project, even within IBM. At the same event, the company demonstrated Audrey, a system that tries to solve the same problem by focusing on personalization. The Palo Alto Research Center's Augmented Social Cognition team is also developing tools that can help business users navigate the landscape of social media efficiently, and Microsoft's Fuse Labs is conducting similar experiments.
Technologies to refine the flow of updates are definitely needed to help people work efficiently, says Joanne Cantor, outreach director of the Center for Communication Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and author of the book Conquer Cyberoverload."
Thinfilm, PARC team on polymer memory
Thinfilm Film Electronics ASA, a provider of polymer memory technology, has announced it is working with Palo Alto Research Center Inc., a subsidiary of Xerox, to develop memory technology enabled through printed electronics.
14 October 2010 | EE Times [international]
by Peter Clarke
"Thinfilm (Oslo, Norway) has been commercializing printed, rewritable memory using ferroelectric polymer material for application in specific markets — including toys and games — for a number of years and is developing contact‐based memory arrays for higher‐capacity applications. Combining Thinfilm's memory with PARC's printed thin‐film transistor technology will allow the development of integrated systems as part of Thinfilm's product roadmap, the company said."
Check Out PARC’s 40th Anniversary Doings
8 October 2010 | AllThingsD
by Kara Swisher
"Recently, there was an event in Silicon Valley to celebrate the 40th anniversary of PARC, the pioneering research facility that birthed a lot of tech’s most potent innovations. Ever heard of laser printing or Ethernet networking or the graphical user interface? Yes, that and much more...Here are some videos from the celebration, including an alumni panel, as well as predictions for 40 years hence:"
PARC guys blue-skying about the future
Beyond the Beyond
7 October 2010 | Wired
by Bruce Sterling
"*That video down there, where all these veteran PARC pundits are handwaving at their
celebratory party, is really kinda great."
PARC, R&D and the ROI of Long-Term Thinking
1 October 2010 | The Thinking Executive
by Leslie L. Kossoff
"The former Xerox PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - now just PARC - just celebrated its 40th anniversary. And what a track record of innovation it has... It was, originally, Xerox's closed door R&D house for all the technological innovations that any of their researchers pursued. The scientists and researchers at PARC changed the face of technology. They still are.
...Long term thinking leads to high ROI."
Silicon Valley tech innovator PARC celebrates 40th anniversary
Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center has been an ever-evolving lesson in how corporations can and should manage R&D.
29 September 2010 | LA Times
by Michael Hiltzik
"Institutions, like human beings, often treat their 40th birthdays as occasions for mid-life stock-taking. So it's not surprising that the 40th anniversary celebration at PARC last week was devoted as much to looking ahead to the future as to looking back at its fabled history...
I've been a close observer of PARC for more than a decade. That's not only because it's been that long since I wrote 'Dealers of Lightning,' a book about the place, but because PARC has been an ever-evolving lesson in how corporations can and should manage R&D — not only the innovations that play to their core markets, but those they can't exploit themselves."
DOE Selects EPRI Collaborative to Lead Cyber Security Project
Initiative aims to secure electric sector from cyber attacks.
28 September 2010 | distributedenergy.com
by press release
"The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) said today that the U.S. Department of Energy has selected its cyber security collaborative to assess and develop technologies, best practices, metrics and standards to protect the U.S. electric sector against cyber attacks. The DOE’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the collaborative will negotiate a funding level for the public-private research initiative.
The EPRI-led collaborative comprises national research and commercial research laboratories, universities, and subject mater experts in key areas of cyber security... The participants bring diverse experience in technology, business, standards and policy. It was among 10 cyber security initiatives representing an investment of more than $30 million that was announced last week in Washington by U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu.
...The EPRI-led collaborative comprises Enernex, Flowers CCS, Xanthus Consulting International, N-Dimension, Palo Alto Research Center [PARC], SRI, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, Sandia National Lab, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Telcordia, University of Houston, Mladen Kezunovic (Texas A&M University), University of Minnesota Smart Grid consortium (including Adventium Labs and Honeywell), UCLA, UC Berkeley, Inguardians, and Arc Technical. Siemens and ABB..."
Enough with the Keyword Searches: New Outlook Plug-In Uses More "Human" Ways of Reeling In Information
Meshin first to apply semantic technology to search tool that scans email, RSS feeds, social networks
28 September 2010 | Meshin
by press release
"Incubated at PARC, a Xerox company, Meshin is part of Xerox's effort to develop technologies that help businesses gain back productivity that has been lost when trying to manage the overload of information bombarding today's knowledge worker."
NSF Grant Boosts Content-Centered Internet Architecture Research
28 September 2010 | Computing Now
by George Lawton
"Research to improve the underlying Internet architecture got a boost in August with a $7.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation. Named Data Networking (NDN) aims to enable direct access to network content by name, without reference to specific source and destination machines, as today's TCP/IP transport suite requires...
[UCLA's Lixia] Zhang will lead the NDN project, which includes researchers from eight other universities. Additionally, Van Jacobson, a research fellow at PARC, will be the NDN chief architect. Jacobson launched PARC's content-centric networking (CCN) research, which is contributing early protocol specification and open source as a base for the NDN project...
Jacobson expects network carriers, telcos, and cable companies to be early commercial adopters. In the long haul, he sees NDN changing the way data is shared across personal computing devices. Instead of transferring movies, songs, and calendar information to each new device we use, we can have our settings and content follow us. 'Users won't have to manage the plumbing to get what they want,' he said."
What PARC Will Do with Its Next 40 Years
27 September 2010 | eWeek
by Chris Preimesberger
"In human terms, the Palo Alto Research Center is in middle age, but it continues to invent important things with youthful vigor..."
Kiffets.com - Read Only The News That Matters
26 September 2010 | KillerStartups
"Presented by PARC, Kiffets is a social indexing engine that can recommend content to users based on their interests, tastes and preferences...
At the end of the day, if we see so many engines for the automatic recommendation of content then that is simply because the Web grows in depth by the minute. Ultimately, which one you would choose might as well be a matter of personal tastes - they all are quite effective. Kiffets certainly is, with its mixture of self-learning technology and human input to curate what is featured. Give it a try and see if it is in your wavelength or not - you can do it for free."
PARC has a plan to make the internet more speedy
26 September 2010 | VentureBeat
by Dean Takahashi
"...content-centric networking, or CCN. It’s a complex technology based on a simple idea."
Meshin brings semantic smarts to organizing your email
26 September 2010 | VentureBeat
by Dean Takahashi
"...Meshin, a startup that is being incubated inside PARC...uses semantic technology, or artificial intelligence techniques that allow a computer to parse natural language and understand it."
PARC Predicts the Future of Mobile Tech, Circa 1991
In 1991 Xerox PARC shared a vision of the future and 'ubiquitous computing' that resembles today's digital trends dominated by tablet devices and smartphones.
24 September 2010 | PCWorld
by Harry McCracken, Technologizer
"I'm spending the afternoon at PARC -- the Xerox subsidiary formerly known as the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center -- for a fascinating event celebrating the fortieth anniversary of the legendary research organization. Ethernet, laser printers, and much of the concepts and technologies in every modern graphical user interface all emerged from PARC; among the many legendary alums here today are Adele Goldberg, Alan Kay, Bob Metcalfe, and Charles Simonyi. And I just shook the hand of the man sitting next to me -- Alvy Ray Smith, a computer graphics pioneer and former PARC employee who cofounded Pixar.
...[the video] doesn't predict the iPhone-but it's still fascinating and prescient, like much of the work done at PARC over the past four decades."
PARC at 40
24 September 2010 | Connected Internet
by George Garza
"Eight years ago, PARC spinned off from Xerox and serves as a research hub for other companies. It is still very much in the middle of the future of technology. PARC is deep into clean tech, biomedical engineering, and natural language processing. It counts Microsoft, Dai Nippon Printing, Sun/Oracle, Samsung, NEC, and Fujitsu among its clients. Many of its other high-profile clients prefer to keep their relationship with PARC secret so as not to tip of competitors."
PowerCloud, D-Link Prep Managed APs for SMBs
24 September 2010 | PCMag
by Mark Hachman
"A company incubated by PARC is preparing to launch a managed access point for small businesses, a niche that the company claims is not adequately being served by other companies. PowerCloud Systems and its partner, D-Link, are preparing to launch the D-Link AirPremier N, a line of 802.11n access points with the company's remote-management software, called CloudCommand, built in. PowerCloud showed off its managed AP system as part of PARC's fortieth anniversary, where PARC incubated PowerCloud as part of PARC's Startup@PARC program."
Six Definitions of Smart Content
24 September 2010 | The Intelligent Enterprise blog
by Seth Grimes
"Smart Content is information, typically originating in unstructured formats, that is findable, reusable, more profitable (however measured) for the producer, and more useful for the consumer. While technology facilitates smart content, it is business value -- not analytics, semantics, or XML storage -- that is central. This principle, and the realization that others from diverse backgrounds may have differing and informative views, underpin the Smart Content conference, October 19 in New York...
I recruited PARC's Mark Stefik...for the Visionaries Panel that opens the Smart Content conference. Mark's smart content definition, he says, came out of discussions at PARC..."
PARC Turns 40: The 'Oldest Startup' Preps for the Future
23 September 2010 | PCMag
by Mark Hachman
"It's not that far-fetched to say that as PARC celebrates its 40th anniversary this week, so too does Silicon Valley...
As one of the centerpieces of Silicon Valley, PARC has driven and reacted to change, inspiring and being inspired by generations of startups. We sat down with Tamara St. Claire, vice president of global business development for PARC, to find out how PARC has moved from a research house to an 'innovation center,' and on what technologies PARC is placing its bets."
PARC Looks Back on 40 Years of Invention
23 September 2010 | eWeek
by Chris Preimesberger
"PARC started out...as Xerox PARC, the R&D arm of Xerox. The idea was not to build a better document copier but to get into the overall 'business of breakthroughs,' as the institution describes itself. In 2002, PARC was incorporated as a wholly owned yet independent subsidiary company of Xerox. Currently, PARC has an impressive list of customers, with about 40 percent of its business from Xerox and 30 percent from government contracts. Its 2009 revenue was about $60 million. Many familiar inventions were dreamed up at PARC, including the graphical user interface for computers, laser printing, computer programming languages, Ethernet networking and VLSI (very large-scale integration) circuit design. The following slide show highlights some of those innovations."
Silicon Nanowires for Solar, Desalination Via Gravity on Tap at PARC’s 40th
The legendary lab turns 40. Here is what’s next. Video too.
23 September 2010 | Greentech Media
by Michael Kanellos
"...many of the presentations focused on how the lab managed to come up with and popularize some of its storied inventions, while also looking toward the future."
PARC celebrates its 40 years of Silicon Valley innovation
23 September 2010 | CNET News
by Daniel Terdiman
"Most people who spoke up on the topic seemed to agree that the secret sauce that made PARC so successful was its highly talented employees."...
"These days, eight years after its 2002 spin-off, PARC is no longer serving Xerox exclusively but is still very much in the middle of the future of technology. According to Tamara St. Claire, PARC's vice president of global business development, the research hub is deep into clean tech, biomedical engineering, and natural language processing, among others, and counts among its clients Microsoft, Dai Nippon Printing, Sun/Oracle, Samsung, NEC, and Fujitsu. Many of its other high-profile clients prefer to keep their relationship with PARC secret so as not to tip off competitors, St. Claire said."
Inside the labs of PARC
23 September 2010 | SmartPlanet
by Deborah Gage
"Not all of PARC’s projects were hits, though, and over time, making a profit from the lab became more important to Xerox. So in 2002 it spun PARC out as a subsidiary. PARC’s researchers now work with government agencies and private companies in addition to Xerox, whose managers want PARC’s inventions commercialized where possible."
Reverse Combustion: Can CO2 Be Turned Back into Fuel?
Various efforts are underway to find a cheap, efficient and scalable way to recycle the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide back into the hydrocarbons that fuel civilization
23 September 2010 | Scientific American
by David Biello
PARC work included in video.
PARC Turns 40
WYSIWYG, the "worm," and the Smalltalk language are just a few of the computing innovations dreamed up at the famed research center
22 September 2010 | Dr. Dobb's blog
"The Palo Alto Research Center, better known as PARC, turns 40 this year. Founded by Xerox Corporation in 1970 under the direction of Dr. George Pake, the charter for Xerox PARC was to create 'the office of the future,' and the storied center for technological innovation has more than made good on its mission."
Playing Woodward and Bernstein at Xerox PARC
Tech Talk blog
22 September 2010 | IEEE Spectrum
by Tekla Perry
"So the story of Xerox PARC was irresistible—a research lab with amazing technology that was reported to have an incredibly special work environment, including a room full of beanbag chairs used for meetings."
Innovation PARCs here
Palo Alto Research Center that paved way for PCs in the '70s is far from fading, but now looking to solar and other new technologies
22 September 2010 | San Jose Mercury News
by Troy Wolverton
"While acclaimed for inventing the laser printer, the desktop interface for PCs and the idea of 'ubiquitous computing' that paved the way for the PalmPilot and iPad, PARC isn't mired in the past. If anything, PARC, which was spun off from Xerox in 2002, has a broader mission today...
'PARC has not just survived but it's absolutely thriving,' said Paul Saffo, a longtime valley watcher and the managing director of foresight at San Francisco-based Discern Analytics. 'It's a vibrant organization that is still helping reinvent the future. ...An astounding number of the foundational ideas for Silicon Valley came out of PARC,' Saffo said."
PARC, where technology suddenly turned 'personal'
War on Error blog
21 September 2010 | Techworld
by John E. Dunn
"The fabled PARC celebrates its official 40th anniversary this month, another opportunity for a grateful industry to ask the relevant question: where did it all go right?"
PARC turns 40: Marking four decades of tech innovations
On its 40th anniversary, PARC researchers provide a behind-the-scenes peek into the company's culture and projects, past and present.
20 September 2010 | Computerworld
by Todd R. Weiss
"For 40 years, the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (commonly called Xerox PARC, now just PARC) has been a place of technological creativity and bold ideas. The inventions it has spawned, from Ethernet networking to laser printing and the graphical user interface (GUI), have led to myriad technologies that allow us to use computers in ways that we take for granted today...
As PARC prepared to celebrate the start of its fifth decade in ceremonies at its Palo Alto headquarters on Sept. 23, Computerworld talked with some of the key people in PARC's acclaimed history, asking them what it was like to work for Xerox PARC years ago and what they're working on today. Here are their stories, in their own words."
PARC turns 40: mice, money, and the new interwebs
A place whose time has come. Again
20 September 2010 | The Register
by Gavin Clarke
"Spend enough time talking to anybody involved with PARC's present or past and at some point, they'll tell you the same thing: contrary to popular thinking, the 'ideation' phase of development is 'easy.' That takes just 20 per cent of your time. Developing that idea into a successful or desirable technology or business is the sweaty part."
Getting Personal: A Q&A with a PARC Pioneer Reflecting on "The Office of the Future" 40 Years Later
PARC research fellow David Biegelsen, who has been at Xerox's legendary R&D lab from the beginning, talks with Scientific American about being at the forefront of the personal computing revolution that changed the way we work and live
18 September 2010 | Scientific American
by Larry Greenemeier
"Nevertheless, to a large extent, today's sprawling array of software apps, wireless gadgets and social networks owe their existence to a team of researchers that was assembled 40 years ago in California's fledgling Silicon Valley to envision and create 'the office of the future'...
PARC may have missed out on becoming a household name, but few could deny that the organization has demonstrated an uncanny ability to envision technology way ahead of its time. Researchers there continue to work in dozens of areas, including water treatment, renewable energy generation, organic and printed electronics, and artificial intelligence. Earlier this month the National Science Foundation chose a team that includes PARC as one of four project teams to participate in the Future Internet Architecture program. PARC, which was incorporated in 2002 as a wholly owned independent subsidiary of Xerox, is part of a project (with nine universities) worth about $8 million to develop an architecture called 'Named-Data-Networking,' which seeks to create a more flexible and secure network by identifying data through names (rather than numbers alone) and routing it based on those names.
We caught up with David Biegelsen, a charter member of Xerox PARC and currently a research fellow, to talk about PARC's early days, its bittersweet successes and its future. PARC is holding a formal celebration of its 40th anniversary on September 23."
Future of Context-Aware Computing
15 September 2010 | PCMag.com
by Matthew Murray
"In his keynote speech at the Intel Developer Forum here this morning, Intel vice president and chief technology officer Justin Rattner focused on "context-aware computing," in which devices anticipate your needs and desires and help fulfill them—before you even ask...
Context-aware computing was first described back in 1991 at PARC, and Principal Scientist and Manager of the Ubiquitous Computing Area Bo Begole joined Rattner onstage to discuss the theory and history of the movement. They admitted there hasn't been much commercial success for context-aware computing yet, but that they believed 2010 was the beginning of the mainstream adoption of the idea."
How Context-Aware Computing Will Make Gadgets Smarter
15 September 2010 | Wired
by Priya Ganapati
"Context-aware computing is different from the simple sensor-based applications seen on smartphones today...
Researchers have been working for more than two decades on making computers be more in tune with their users. That means computers would sense and react to the environment around them. Done right, such devices would be so in sync with their owners that the former will feel like a natural extension of the latter.
'The most profound technology are those that disappear,' Mark Weiser, chief scientist at PARC and father of the term 'ubiquitous computing' told in 1991 about context awareness in machines. 'They are those that weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life.'"
Meet your next 'Net?
Academics rethink the Internet's guts
10 September 2010 | Ars Technica
by Matthew Lasar
"Now NSF has given her [UCLA's Lixia Zhang, working with PARC and other institutions] $1.5 million to evaluate this NDN concept for its scalability, security, and privacy via testbeds, simulations, and theoretical models."
NSF: Time for an Internet do-over
Future Internet Architecture grant winners to address routing, security, wireless and cloud computing
9 September 2010 | Network World
by Bob Brown
"The National Science Foundation (NSF) has doled out grants worth up to $32 million in total to a pack of universities [and a corporation, PARC] dedicated to rethinking everything about the Internet from from its core routing system to its security architecture and addressing the emergence of cloud computing and an increasingly mobile society...project – which focuses on the Internet's central role in content creation and dissemination – uses a 'dramatically different' routing approach than IP routing..."
PARC Tapped to Research the Future Internet
7 September 2010 | eWeek
by Darryl K. Taft
"The National Science Foundation (NSF) has funded the famed PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) research institution to look into the creation of a new Internet architecture."
PARC Releases New Semantic Technology (in Form of an Outlook Plugin)
6 September 2010 | ReadWriteWeb
by Sarah Perez
"At first glance, [Outlook plugin] Meshin looks like the ugly stepsister to a similar Outlook tool called Xobni, as it also loads into an email sidebar window, displaying sections dedicated to recent conversations and a summary of attachments shared back and forth via email, among other things. But what makes Meshin different is the engine powering it underneath: a semantic technology that uses 'natural language processing' to understand entities, how they connect and what they mean.
...Meshin arose from a Xerox-funded project inside PARC whose goal is to commercialize older PARC IP for a broader audience. The project has been in development for only a year, with a small core team and support from PARC researchers. The long-term goal for Meshin is to extend itself beyond Outlook, in order to connect other types of information streams together."
New PARC grant worth up to $8M
1 September 2010 | Silicon Valley/ San Jose Business Journal
"PARC -- the sole commercial organization funded within the entire FIA program -- will be collaborating with nine universities in a team led by UCLA."
Re-thinking the Internet with security and mobility in mind
31 August 2010 | Scientific American
by Larry Greenemeier
"The Internet's original design accounts primarily for information to be passed from one host server to another along a wired network. Attempts to secure these hosts and networks have come as an afterthought (ARPANET was originally a closed network) and have struggled to keep pace with society's expanding economic and social reliance on the Internet. Likewise, the host-based architecture (where computers seek access to information from a specific server or group of servers) is starting to look creaky as the number of computers and mobile devices seeking access multiplies exponentially each year.
An NSF-sponsored FIA project headed by Lixia Zhang, a computer science professor at UCLA, seeks to create a more efficient Internet through the distribution of data." Zhang and her team [which includes PARC] are developing what they call a Named Data Networking (NDN) architecture...
Make Your Outlook Inbox Smarter with Meshin [INVITES]
30 August 2010 | Mashable
by Christina Warren
"Quick Pitch: Meshin is an Outlook sidebar that organizes information contextually so that you can work faster and smarter.
Genius Idea: Using semantic technology and natural language processing, Meshin can take information from your inbox and connect it with related information on the web and conversations on social networks. Meshin is a Xerox-funded project incubated at PARC, where the Meshin team has worked on developing semantic technologies to create what they call 'context-aware information services'. In other words, this is technology that can go beyond keyword matching and create actual meaning."
The smart grid - utilizing demand response technologies
28 August 2010 | Examiner.com
by Michal Lenchner
"‘Intelligent’ power grids present us with several possibilities...The following upcoming events will focus on these questions and more, discuss the integration of large scale and residential technology, innovative business models, and investments and returns. The challenges that smart grid enterprise faces will drive innovation and move us forward."
NSF Announces Future Internet Architecture Awards
Awards will help develop new ideas and innovations towards the development of a more robust, secure and reliable Internet
27 August 2010 | NSF press release
by National Science Foundation
"The Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced today awards for four new projects, each worth up to $8 million over three years, as part of the Future Internet Architecture (FIA) program. These awards will enable researchers at dozens of institutions across the country to pursue new ways to build a more trustworthy and robust Internet. Earlier this year, NSF challenged the network science research community to look past the constraints of today's networks and engage in collaborative, long-range, transformative thinking inspired by lessons learned and promising new research ideas..." PARC is a collaborating institution for Named Data Networking.
Wired For Information: A Brain Built To Google
26 August 2010 | MediaPost
by Gord Hotchkiss
"In my last Search Insider, I took you on a neurological tour that gave us a glimpse into how our brains are built to read. Today, let's dig deeper into how our brains guide us through an online hunt for information...[PARC's} Peter Pirolli believes we 'forage' for information, using the same inherent mechanisms we would use to search for food. So, we hunt for the 'scent' of our quarry, but in this case, rather than the smell of food, it's more likely that we lodge the concept of our objective in our heads. And depending on what that concept is, our brains recruit the relevant neurons to help us pick out the right 'scent' quickly from its surroundings. If our quarry is something visual, like a person or thing, we probably picture it. But if our brain believes we'll be hunting in a text-heavy environment, we would probably picture the word instead. This is the way the brain primes us for information foraging...
This starts to paint a fascinating and complex picture of what our brain might be doing as we use a search engine."
First Real-time Search, Now Real-time Sentiment. But Does It Work?
26 August 2010 | Marketing Vox
"While such offerings are still experimental for many marketers, those in the field believe they will become a commonplace tool in the future. Ed Chi, [PARC] area manager... says companies will eventually recognized the value of tracking sentiment as part of a public-relations effort..."
Mining Mood Swings on the Real-Time Web
24 August 2010
by Erica Naone
"Experts agree that sentiment-analysis tools are becoming increasingly significant as companies try to stay on top of the discussions happening across the Web...Ed Chi, [an area manager at PARC]...believes that eventually companies will need to track sentiment as part of a comprehensive public-relations effort. Future platforms could classify topics being discussed, suggest possible responses, and analyze a company's message to determine how likely it is to go viral. 'Sentiment analysis will be a component of a much larger dashboard,' Chi says."
Innovating when you don’t know what you don’t know: The view from PARC
[invited/ guest contributed]
16 August 2010 | Xconomy San Francisco
by Mark Bernstein
Startups, especially in Silicon Valley, have been glorified as the vehicles of disruption and creative destruction...Yet… the reality is, when corporations are innovating incrementally, there’s probably not much difference between acquiring a startup, licensing a patent or two from a university, or building a technology with internal R&D. Because in all these cases, the company clearly knows what it wants...But what happens when the market doesn’t exist yet?...
What if there’s a disruptive change in the industry? An incremental venture in a disrupted market yields a delta of 0.1 when a 1.0 change is happening. When a corporation wants to innovate exponentially—create a new business or initiate a potential market—the question becomes: how do you acquisitively or organically grow when you don’t know what you don’t know?